Yemen — Flow Monitoring Points | Migrant Arrivals and Yemeni Returns in October 2020
Oct 31 2020
- Migration Flows
- Flow Monitoring
northern border with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and southern coastal border. Enumerators placed at Flow Monitoring
Points (FMPs) record arrivals of migrants and returning Yemeni nationals in order to identify different patterns and
types of migration, including quantitative estimates to help dfine the population of irregular migrants entering the country.
FMR is not representative of all flows in Yemen and should be understood as only indicative of the individuals captured at
FMPs during the timeframe indicated. Access constraints limit the ability to collect data at some migrant arrival points.
IOM Yemen DTM estimates that 1,038 migrants entered Yemen. Currently, IOM Yemen DTM does not have access to
Manfath Alwadeeah FMP and therefore cannot report on Yemeni returnees. Since the beginning of 2020 until 31 October
2020, an estimated 34,160 migrants arrived to Yemen, and 13,895 Yemenis returned from KSA, while another 266
Yemenis returned from the Horn of Africa. The migration has witnessed a significant decline since the emergence of the Corona virus pandemic.
The migrant caseload has been primarily Ethiopian (93%) and Somalis (7%), with 88% of those tracked heading for Saudi Arabia and 12% towards Yemen. The migrants are predominantly male (82%), with 13% women and 4% boys and 1% girls also among the travellers.
Through the October 2020 reporting period, the highest arrivals were observed at Lahj governorate with 384 migrants entering at Al Aarah monitoring point.
DTM’s global flow monitoring methodology aims to identify areas prone to internal, cross-border and regional migration. Mobility area assessments are conducted at the national level. DTM teams then collect information at the local level to identify key transit points. Enumerators collect data from key informants at the flow monitoring points: key informants may be transport staff, custom officers, boat operators or migrants themselves. Data is collected through a basic form combined with direct observations –enabling breakdowns.
Data collected for these exercises should be understood as estimations only. They represent only part of the total flows passing through Yemen. The spatial and temporal coverage of this data collection activity is therefore incomplete. In addition, although data is collected daily, it is collected only during peak hours. The portion of the flows that occur during the uncovered hours is not represented. Data on vulnerability is based on direct observation and should be understood as mainly indicative.