The Survey on Drivers of Migration (SDM) is part of IOM's EU-funded Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) "Regional
Evidence for Migration Analysis and Policy" (REMAP) project. The objective of DTM REMAP is to strengthen the
evidence-based formulation and implementation of humanitarian and development policy and programming on
migration and forced displacement in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq and Pakistan.
The DTM Afghanistan team selected 6 provinces with high international outward migration in which to conduct
data collection. The selection was based on the review of longitudinal multiyear flow monitoring data on outward
migration from the Islam Qala -Taybad and Zaranj -Milak border crossings to the Islamic Republic of Iran and beyond.
Through the SDM, between November 2020 and March 2021 (Round 2) the DTM team in Afghanistan interviewed
18,929 potential migrants at informal migration hubs in Afghanistan. Among them, 15,810 people stated that they
intended to migrate to the Islamic Republic of Iran (83%), 2,404 to Turkey (13%) and 715 people to Europe (4%).
Between April 2021 and August 2021 (Round 3), the team interviewed another 18,390 potential migrants. Among
them, 15,440 people stated that they intended to migrate to the Islamic Republic of Iran (84%), 2,159 to Turkey (12%)
and 791 people to Europe (4%).