Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
By sea
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe




Previous week
05 Mar - 11 Mar

Current week
12 Mar - 18 Mar













Total first arrival countries*








North Macedonia




*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.


Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Bangladesh, Iraq, Tunisia, Senegal, Guinea (January 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Palestinian Territories, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Congo (January 2019)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Algeria, The Gambia, Guinea Conakry (January 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Iraq (January 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

Through Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) installed on major routes connecting to Herat City, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has been monitoring inflows of drought-affected IDPs, since 9 September 2018.

Through Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) installed on major routes connecting to Herat City, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has been monitoring inflows of drought-affected IDPs, since 9 September 2018.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

In Afghanistan, DTM employs the Baseline Mobility Assessment tool, designed to track mobility, determine the population sizes and locations of forcibly displaced people, reasons for displacement, places of origin, displacement locations and times of displacement, including basic demographics, as

Ce rapport présente les données collectées pendant le mois de février 2019 aux points de passage Faya et Kalait, dans le nord du Tchad, qui ont été installés afin d’observer les mouvements des voyageurs en transit.

En Guinée, 5 points de suivi ont été installés depuis avril 2017 dans les localités frontalières avec le Mali et le Sénégal dont 3 sont actifs à ce jour. Il s’agit des localités de Kouremalé, Nafadji et Boundoufourdou où l’on observe les mouvements des voyageurs.

DTM’s Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) surveys people on the move at key transit points within South Sudan and at its borders.

In February 2019, a total of 18,236 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a significant decrease in comparison with January 2019 when 23,396 movements were observed.

While often overlooked, women and girls are important features of migration flows in West and Central Africa. Indeed, the share of female travellers in the region has grown significantly in the past few years.

The flow monitoring surveys are part of the IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) data collection activities in West and Central Africa, East and Horn of Africa, Libya and Europe (Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kosovo (UNSCR 1244/1999), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Mo

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

In Niger, Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) are active at several important transit points in Arlit, Séguédine/Madama, Magaria, Dan Issa, Dan Borto, and Tahoua.

Over the reporting period a total of 34,793 movements were observed at nine (9) flow monitoring points at the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The increase in flows registered through the DTM is due to the opening of new FMPs in Goli, Madepo, and Butogota in January.

Over the reporting period a total of 17,009 individual movements were observed at six (6) flow monitoring points at the border with the Republic of South Sudan (SSD).

Au Niger, des Points de suivi des flux (FMP) sont installés sur plusieurs lieux de transit importants à Arlit, Séguédine/Madama, Magaria, Dan Issa, Dan Borto, et Tahoua.

DTM Regional office, has supported the establishment of a network of 65 Flow Monitoring points along the three main migration corridors in the Region (see map above) in Djibouti (11), Ethiopia (5), Somalia (7), South Sudan (19), Uganda (15) and Burundi (8).

7,671 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe through different land and sea routes in January 2019. More than a half (60%) of all arrivals were registered arriving through the Western Mediterranean Route.

DTM team interviewed 1,341 migrants and refugees in Spain between July and October 2018. 89 per cent of respondents were male and 11 per cent female. Majority of respondents were nationals of Guinea (30%), Mali (21%), Cote d’Ivoire (11%), Senegal (6%) and Cameroon (8%).

Amiet Market, located in Abyei Administrative Area (AAA) represents one of the main transport nodes linking Sudan (SD) and South Sudan (SSD).

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) measures mixed migration flows at two transportation hubs linking Wau with Juba and Abyei Administrative Area (AAA).

From date
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About is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform,, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.


The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.



This website is funded by:

Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team


Country Focal Persons