In June 2022, IOM Yemen DTM recorded 3,174 migrants entering Yemen, similar to 3,228 in May 2022. In both Shabwah and Lahj DTM has registered a decrease in arrivals since February 2022 although a slight increase has been observed in Shabwah this June compared to May. The overall decrease is in part linked to seasonal weather conditions as well as an increase in border patrols from the Djibouti side, especially near Lahj meaning smaller boats with fewer migrants made their way to Yemen. The slight increase in Shabwah can be attributed to the urgent need to send as much as possible of migrants from Bosasso, Somalia to Shabwah, Yemen because the windy season is approaching and it will be difficult for migrants to travel at that period.
Due to the deteriorating humanitarian crisis in Yemen and the challenges in moving towards KSA, many migrants opted to return to the Horn of Africa. Moreover, DTM recorded 5,895 Yemeni returns from KSA during the month of June 2022, compared to 5,440 in May 2022. Between 1 January and 30 June 2022, DTM recorded 31,266 migrants and 35,285 Yemeni migrant returnees to Yemen.
The migrant caseload was around 88 per cent Ethiopian nationals, and around 12 per cent Somali nationals. The migrants are predominantly male (63%), with (21%) women, eight per cent boys and eight per cent girls also among the travelers.
Through June’s reporting period, 2,091 migrants arrived from Somalia and were recorded at Ber Ali flow monitoring point in Shabwah governorate. In Lahj governorate, 1,083 migrants arrived from Djibouti, wherein 374 were recorded at Al Cawhah flow monitoring point (FMP), 304 at Al Batin FMP, 225 at Al Azaf FMP, 68 at Al Karoob FMP, 50 at Hasy Eisa FMP and 15 at Al Cawhah FMP.