In November 2022, IOM Yemen DTM recorded 9,212 migrants entering Yemen, a 44 per cent increase compared to October 2022 (6,381). In Lahj DTM has registered an increase in arrivals (+ 31%) compared to the last month. Similarly, there was a huge increase (+ 65%) in the number of migrants arriving through Shabwah’s coast. The overall increase could be linked to weather conditions, sea tides and decreased coast guard patrolling in Djibouti. While travel had been primarily due to economic reasons in the first half of the year, DTM has been recording conflict induced movements since August, being the reason for 42 per cent of all incoming movements in November. All conflict motivated travel was recorded in Shabwah coming from Bari, Somalia (28% children, 24% women and 48% men).
Due to the deteriorating humanitarian crisis in Yemen and the challenges in moving towards KSA, many migrants opted to return to the Horn of Africa. DTM teams in Djibouti recorded that during November 2022, a total of 494 migrants took the risky return by boat from Yemen to travel home. Moreover, DTM recorded 5,421 Yemeni returns from KSA during the month of November 2022, compared to 5,454 in October 2022. Between 1 January and 30 November 2022, DTM recorded 62,613 migrants and 60,690 Yemeni migrant returnees to Yemen.
The migrant caseload was around 97 per cent Ethiopian nationals and around three per cent Somali nationals. The migrants are predominantly male (68%), with (17%) women, nine per cent boys and six per cent girls also among the travelers.
Through November’s reporting period, 4,131 migrants arrived from Somalia and were recorded 3,691 at Ber Ali, 220 at Araqah and 220 at Eyn Bamabad flow monitoring points in Shabwah governorate. In Lahj governorate, 5,081 migrants arrived from Djibouti, where 2,301 were recorded at Al Makhabbah flow monitoring point (FMP), 1,582 at Al Azaf FMP, 710 at Al Cawhah FMP, 386 at Al-Saqya FMP, 57 at Hasy Eisa FMP , and 45 at Al Hejaf FMP.