In September 2022, IOM Yemen DTM recorded 6,041 migrants entering Yemen, an eight per cent decrease compared to August 2022 (6,542). In Shabwah DTM has registered an increase in arrivals (+ 10%) compared to the last month in contrast to Lahj, which registered a decrease this month (- 25%). The overall decrease could be linked to weather conditions, sea tides and increased coast guard patrolling in Djibouti.
Due to the deteriorating humanitarian crisis in Yemen and the challenges in moving towards KSA, many migrants opted to return to the Horn of Africa. DTM teams in Djibouti recorded that during September 2022, a total of 187 migrants took the risky return by boat from Yemen to travel home. Moreover, DTM recorded 4,532 Yemeni returns from KSA during the month of September 2022, compared to 5,522 in August 2022. Between 1 January and 30 September 2022, DTM recorded 47,020 migrants and 49,815 Yemeni migrant returnees to Yemen.
The migrant caseload was around 91 per cent Ethiopian nationals, and around nine per cent Somali nationals. The migrants are predominantly male (66%), with (22%) women, eight per cent boys and four per cent girls also among the travelers.
Through September’s reporting period, 3,620 migrants arrived from Somalia and were recorded at Ber Ali flow monitoring point in Shabwah governorate. In Lahj governorate, 2,421 migrants arrived from Djibouti, where 1,694 were recorded at Al Makhabbah flow monitoring point (FMP), 500 at Al Cawhah FMP, 118 at Hasy Eisa FMP, 79 at Al-Batin FMP, and 30 at Al Azaf FMP.