West and Central Africa — Liptako Gourma Crisis Monthly Dashboard 35 (30 November 2022)

RO Dakar, RODakar-DataResearch@iom.int
Period Covered
Nov 01 2022
Nov 30 2022
  • Mobility Tracking
  • Baseline Assessment


The Central Sahel area, and in particular the Liptako Gourma region, which borders Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, is affected by a complex crisis involving growing competition over dwindling resources; climatic variability; demographic pressure; high levels of poverty; disaffection and a lack of livelihood opportunities; communal tensions; the absence of state institutions and basic services; and violence related to organized crime and Non-State Armed Groups. The crisis has led to the death of an estimated 5,000 people in 2021 (as of 31 December) and triggered significant displacement of populations in the four affected countries.

As of 30 November 2022, 2,411,197 individuals have been displaced, including 2,175,090 Internally Displaced Persons (90% of the displaced population) and 236,107 Refugees (10% of the displaced population). Sixty-six per cent of the displaced population (1,600,521 individuals) were located in Burkina Faso, while 20 per cent resided in Mali (480,184 individuals), 10 per cent in Niger (233,365 individuals) and 4 per cent in Mauritania (97,127 individuals).