To better understand and capture how COVID-19 has been affecting global mobility, IOM developed a global database (the Mobility Restriction Monitoring, MRM) which maps, tracks, and analyses the changes and trends in operational status of and mobility restrictions at Points of Entry (PoEs) including airports, blue border crossing points (such as seaports and river crossings), land border crossing points and other key transit points and locations of internal mobility. Outside of operational status for key locations of internal mobility, MRM collects data on border management and public health measures adopted at PoEs, as well as coordination systems and referral mechanisms in place at Points of Entry and some internal mobility points, as well as populations impacted by COVID-19 mobility restrictions.
Such information is meant to serve IOM member states, IOM, and its UN partner agencies in responding adequately, and in a targeted manner, to the current and evolving crisis period. In West and Central Africa, IOM missions were involved in providing information on the situation at the PoEs in their respective countries.
This report presents the findings from data collected on the operational status of PoEs as of 31 December 2021 (and compared with similar data collected in March 2021 and April 2020), at 670 Points of Entry across the region, including 431 land border crossings points, 54 airports,