IOM works with national and local authorities in order to gain a better understanding of population movements throughout Southern Africa. Through the setup of Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs), IOM seeks to quantify migration flows, trends and routes and to gain a better understanding of the profiles of observed individuals at entry, transit or exit points (such as border crossing posts, bus stations, rest areas, police checkpoints and reception centres). This report is an overview of the data collected in these FMPs from 1 to 31 October 2021.
Inter-regional migration from and within the Southern Africa is categorized along the following corridors. The Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) were set-up in several key transit locations along the corridors to track the movements of passengers:
•Zimbabwe (Mutare) – Mozambique (Manica)
•Zimbabwe (Chirundu) – Zambia
•Zimbabwe – Botswana (Plumtree)
•Zimbabwe – South Africa (Beitbridge)
•Malawi (Mchinji) – Zambia (Mwami)
•Malawi (Karonga) – Tanzania
•Malawi (Mwanza) – Mozambique (Zobue)
During October 2021, a total of 53,640 movements were observed across 29 FMPs in the region.
The Zimbabwe – South Africa (Beitbridge) corridor hosted the largest number of movements with 21,070 (39%) followed by the Mozambique Malawi corridor with 19,201 (36%) and the Malawi – Zambia corridor with 5,877 movements reported (11%).