South Sudan — Displacement Site Flow Monitoring (Jan 2019)
IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) interviewed 5,604 households (9,470 individuals) crossing into and out of Bentiu Protection of Civilians site (PoC) site, Malakal PoC site, Wau PoC Adjacent Area (AA) site and Wau collective centres (Cathedral, Nazareth, St. Joseph, Lokoloko and Masna combined in analysis) during January 2019.
In line with previous trends, DTM continued to witness comparatively large proportions of intended permanent exits at Wau PoC AA during the reporting period: 44% of interviewed at the site in Dec 2018 and 45% in Jan 2019 cited that they intended to exit the site permanently.
Trends amongst those traveling from Sudan mirrored those observed in the previous reporting period. In both December and January, 18% of entering individuals (new entries [6%] and persons returning from temporary absences [12%]) arrived from Sudan. These arrivals were primarily observed at Bentiu PoC site, with an increasing proportion of persons returning to Malakal PoC site from Sudan after longer absences. Whilst new arrivals from Sudan cited family as their primary reason for entering the site, those returning after an absence had usually been in Sudan to access basic services such as healthcare and education. Almost all new arrivals from Sudan already had family at the sites (98%).