Senegal — Research Brief — The debt of migrants assisted with voluntary return and its impact on the sustainability of reintegration (November 2020)

Regional Office Dakar,
Period Covered
Dec 19 2019
Jun 30 2020
  • Other
  • Survey


More than 6,000 migrants returned to Senegal between January 2017 and July 2020 through IOM’s Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) programme. However, reports on the socio-demographic profiles of return communities published by IOM in 2018 revealed that the level of debt of return migrants has a significant impact on reintegration processes. To better understand this impact, IOM conducted a study in Senegal which aimed at: developing the profile of returning migrants with debts;  understanding the mechanisms by which returning migrants contracted debts, at which stages along the migration route, and which actors are involved in the process; and assessing the impact of debt on the reintegration process of returnees in their communities of origin. The study was developed following a mixed-method approach (qualitative and quantitative) combining :interviews with key informants  including migrants assisted to return, local and national government authorities, community leaders, academics, and AVRR assistants; and individual surveys with returning migrants.