IOM, through the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Flow Monitoring tool, collects data at key entry, exit and transit points to better understand population movements across West and Central Africa. The monitoring of population flows allows for the quantification and qualification of mobility flows and trends, migrant profiles, and migratory experiences and routes. Since March 2017 two Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) have been active in Kano and Sokoto in northern Nigeria, monitoring mobility within the country and between Nigeria, Niger and beyond.
During the reporting period, on average, 990 individuals were observed at FMPs daily, a decrease of 17 per cent compared to previous quarter. All observed travellers were conducting a cross-border movement (37% were entering the country, while 63% were leaving the country). Between April and June 2022, the main cities from which individuals travelled from (inflow) were Maradi (49%), Zinder (26%), Tahoua (20%) and Niamey (3%) in Niger. Travellers from Nigeria (outflow) were primarily headed to Maradi (48%), Zinder (41%), Tahoua (6%) and Diffa (3%) in Niger. The main modes of transportation were car (65%), bus (31%), motorbike (1%), foot (1%) and bicycle (1%).