As of 31 August 2017, national authorities in Greece, Italy, Cyprus, Bulgaria and Spain registered 131,167 newly arrived migrants mostly from the Middle East, Africa, South and Central Asia which is in a sharp contrast to 297,255 recorded during the same period in 2016 (56% decrease). Between January and August 2017 there were 17,534 registered arrivals to Greece, a 90% decrease in comparison to 165,951 recorded by the end of August 2016. However, there was a 49% increase in arrivals during this reporting period, from 2,615 in July to 4,240 in August 2017. The total number of migrants who arrived to Italy in 2017 reached 99,127 at the end of this reporting period, a 16% decrease in comparison to the end of August 2016 (115,068). Moreover, a more significant drop in arrivals to Italy was observed in the past two months - from 23,264 reported during June, to 11, 461 in July and finally 3,914 registered during August 2017. An increase is observed in overall arrivals to Spain. By the end of August, a total of 13,503 migrants have been registered arriving to Spain by land (3,464) and sea (10,039). Available data for the same period 2016, indicates a 97% increase when compared to 31 August 2017 - from 6,805 in 2016 to 13,503 in 2017.