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Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Relocated people
34,694
22,005
From Greece
12,689
From Italy
As of 30 April 2018
Relocated migrants

Member State

From Greece

From Italy

Total

Austria

0

43

43

Belgium

700

471

1,171

Bulgaria

50

10

60

Croatia

60

22

82

Cyprus

96

47

143

Czech Republic

12

0

12

Estonia

141

6

147

Finland

1,202

778

1,980

France

4,400

635

5,035

Germany

5,391

5,434

10,825

Ireland

1,022

0

1,022

Latvia

294

34

328

Liechtenstein

10

0

10

Lithuania

355

29

384

Luxembourg

300

249

549

Malta

101

67

168

Netherlands

1,755

1,020

2,775

Norway

693

815

1,508

Portugal

1,192

356

1,548

Romania

683

45

728

Slovakia

16

0

16

Slovenia

172

81

253

Spain

1,124

235

1,359

Sweden

1,656

1,392

3,048

Switzerland

580

920

1,500

Total

22,005

12,689

34,694

Data Sources: IOM

EU Emergency relocation scheme 2015 - 2018

 

Based on Commission proposals, the Justice and Home Affairs Council adopted in September 2015 two Decisions to relocate asylum seekers from Italy and Greece, to assist them in dealing with the pressures of the refugee crisis. Under the emergency relocation scheme, up to 106,000 asylum seekers with a high chance of having their applications successfully processed (EU average recognition rate of over 75%) were to be relocated from Greece and Italy, where they had arrived, to other Member States where they would have their asylum applications processed. 
 
Between October 2015 and April 2018, IOM assisted the relocation of 34,694 persons in need of international protection with pre-departure health assessments, pre-departure orientation and movement management. A majority of them were male (63%), adults (68%), and of Syrian (52%), Eritrean (35%) and Iraqi (11%) nationality. The scheme also benefitted 585 unaccompanied or separated migrant children.
 
Due to the strict eligibility criteria, the changes in criteria during the implementation of the scheme, as well as the drop in arrivals to Greece and Italy during the project implementation, the number of assisted beneficiaries is considerably lower than the target of 106,000 persons. Almost all eligible persons registered in Greece and in Italy have been successfully relocated to another European state with the assistance of IOM. 

Amiet Market, located in Abyei Administrative Area (AAA) represents one of the main transport nodes linking Sudan (SD) and South Sudan (SSD).

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) measures mixed migration flows at two transportation hubs linking Wau with Juba and Abyei Administrative Area (AAA).

 Au Burkina Faso, des Points de suivi des flux (FMP) sont installés sur plusieurs lieux de transit importants à Ouagadougou, Dori/Seytenga, Kantchari, Faramana et Yendere.

Le nombre d'individus observés aux FMPs a diminué de 38% entre le mois de décembre 2018 et de janvier 2019, passant de 

Over 16,500 children arrived in Greece, Italy, Bulgaria and Spain in the first six months of 2017, of whom more than 11,900 (72%) were unaccompanied and separated children (UASC). Arrivals in the second quarter of 2017 were more than double the first quarter (11,100 compared to 5,400).

Timely, dissaggregated data and contextualized information related to populations on the move, tranded, or seeking asylum is imperative to a well-informed, well-managed, protection sensitive and collective response across international border, governments and regions.

As part of IOM’s Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) preparedness activities, DTM operates 7 Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) in Yambio, Yei and Morobo counties. Six additional FMPs are operated in cooperation with DTM Uganda just across the border with South Sudan (SSD).

From 01 to 31 December 2018, 42,785 movements were registered at 8 flow monitoring points, namely Mbundi and Rusumo (Muyinga province), Mukambati and Ntibitobangwa (Cankuzo province), Mungano and Kabuyenge (Ruyigi province), Kwa Elidadi and Kwa Ntunaguzi (Rutan

Du 01 au 31 décembre 2018, 42.785 mouvements ont été observés sur 8 points de transit à savoir Mbundi et Rusumo (province Muyinga), Mukambati et Ntibitoba-      ngwa (province Cankuzo), Mungano et Kabuyenge (pro-    vince Ruyigi), Kwa Elidadi et Kwa Ntunaguzi (

This report presents two types of Flow Monitoring dashboards for each country.

In January 2019, the average daily number of individuals observed at the Flow Monitoring Points increased by 2 per cent compared to the previous month.

En janvier 2019, la moyenne journalière du nombre d’individus observés aux différents points de suivi des flux a augmenté de 2 pour cent par rapport au mois précédent.

Au Sénégal, un point de suivi est installé depuis avril 2017 sur plusieurs lieux de transit importants à Tambacounda et observe plus particulièrement les mouvements quotidiens des bus de voyageurs en provenance et à destination du Mali, de la Gambie et de la Guinée.

La OIM realizó entre agosto y noviembre de 2018 monitoreos en Chile, Uruguay, Brasil y Argentina en lugares de tránsito y asentamientos de nacionales de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela (Venezuela, en adelante).

Through Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) installed on major routes connecting to Herat City, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has been monitoring inflows of drought-affected IDPs, since 9 September 2018.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from

Displacement Tracking in Yemen includes the monitoring of key migrant and return locations on Yemen's northern border with Saudi Arabia and southern coastal border.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

Through Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) installed on major routes connecting to Herat City, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has been monitoring inflows of drought-affected IDPs, since 9 September 2018.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

Over the reporting period a total of 18,391 movements were observed at six (6) flow monitoring points at the border with the Democractic Republic of Congo (DRC). Inflows into Uganda were slightly higher (56%) than outflows to DRC (44%).

In January 2019, a total of 23,396 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a slight decrease in comparison with December 2018 when 25,884 movements were observed.

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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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