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Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Relocated people
34,694
22,005
From Greece
12,689
From Italy
As of 30 April 2018
Relocated migrants

Member State

From Greece

From Italy

Total

Austria

0

43

43

Belgium

700

471

1,171

Bulgaria

50

10

60

Croatia

60

22

82

Cyprus

96

47

143

Czech Republic

12

0

12

Estonia

141

6

147

Finland

1,202

778

1,980

France

4,400

635

5,035

Germany

5,391

5,434

10,825

Ireland

1,022

0

1,022

Latvia

294

34

328

Liechtenstein

10

0

10

Lithuania

355

29

384

Luxembourg

300

249

549

Malta

101

67

168

Netherlands

1,755

1,020

2,775

Norway

693

815

1,508

Portugal

1,192

356

1,548

Romania

683

45

728

Slovakia

16

0

16

Slovenia

172

81

253

Spain

1,124

235

1,359

Sweden

1,656

1,392

3,048

Switzerland

580

920

1,500

Total

22,005

12,689

34,694

Data Sources: IOM

EU Emergency relocation scheme 2015 - 2018

 

Based on Commission proposals, the Justice and Home Affairs Council adopted in September 2015 two Decisions to relocate asylum seekers from Italy and Greece, to assist them in dealing with the pressures of the refugee crisis. Under the emergency relocation scheme, up to 106,000 asylum seekers with a high chance of having their applications successfully processed (EU average recognition rate of over 75%) were to be relocated from Greece and Italy, where they had arrived, to other Member States where they would have their asylum applications processed. 
 
Between October 2015 and April 2018, IOM assisted the relocation of 34,694 persons in need of international protection with pre-departure health assessments, pre-departure orientation and movement management. A majority of them were male (63%), adults (68%), and of Syrian (52%), Eritrean (35%) and Iraqi (11%) nationality. The scheme also benefitted 585 unaccompanied or separated migrant children.
 
Due to the strict eligibility criteria, the changes in criteria during the implementation of the scheme, as well as the drop in arrivals to Greece and Italy during the project implementation, the number of assisted beneficiaries is considerably lower than the target of 106,000 persons. Almost all eligible persons registered in Greece and in Italy have been successfully relocated to another European state with the assistance of IOM. 

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) interviewed 5,604 households (9,470 individuals) crossing into and out of Bentiu Protection of Civilians site (PoC) site, Malakal PoC site, Wau PoC Adjacent Area (AA) site and Wau collective centres (Cathedral, Nazareth, St.

DTM’s Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) surveys people on the move at key transit points within South Sudan and at its borders.

As part of IOM’s Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) preparedness activities, DTM operates seven Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) in Yambio, Yei and Morobo counties and six in cooperation with DTM Uganda on the Ugandan side of the border.

This weekly situation report covers the reporting period between 3 and 16 March 2019.

Through Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) installed on major routes connecting to Herat City, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has been monitoring inflows of drought-affected IDPs, since 9 September 2018.

Through Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) installed on major routes connecting to Herat City, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has been monitoring inflows of drought-affected IDPs, since 9 September 2018.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

In Afghanistan, DTM employs the Baseline Mobility Assessment tool, designed to track mobility, determine the population sizes and locations of forcibly displaced people, reasons for displacement, places of origin, displacement locations and times of displacement, including basic demographics, as

Ce rapport présente les données collectées pendant le mois de février 2019 aux points de passage Faya et Kalait, dans le nord du Tchad, qui ont été installés afin d’observer les mouvements des voyageurs en transit.

En Guinée, 5 points de suivi ont été installés depuis avril 2017 dans les localités frontalières avec le Mali et le Sénégal dont 3 sont actifs à ce jour. Il s’agit des localités de Kouremalé, Nafadji et Boundoufourdou où l’on observe les mouvements des voyageurs.

DTM’s Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) surveys people on the move at key transit points within South Sudan and at its borders.

In February 2019, a total of 18,236 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a significant decrease in comparison with January 2019 when 23,396 movements were observed.

While often overlooked, women and girls are important features of migration flows in West and Central Africa. Indeed, the share of female travellers in the region has grown significantly in the past few years.

The flow monitoring surveys are part of the IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) data collection activities in West and Central Africa, East and Horn of Africa, Libya and Europe (Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kosovo (UNSCR 1244/1999), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Mo

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

Over the reporting period a total of 17,009 individual movements were observed at six (6) flow monitoring points at the border with the Republic of South Sudan (SSD).

Au Niger, des Points de suivi des flux (FMP) sont installés sur plusieurs lieux de transit importants à Arlit, Séguédine/Madama, Magaria, Dan Issa, Dan Borto, et Tahoua.

In Niger, Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) are active at several important transit points in Arlit, Séguédine/Madama, Magaria, Dan Issa, Dan Borto, and Tahoua.

Over the reporting period a total of 34,793 movements were observed at nine (9) flow monitoring points at the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The increase in flows registered through the DTM is due to the opening of new FMPs in Goli, Madepo, and Butogota in January.

DTM Regional office, has supported the establishment of a network of 65 Flow Monitoring points along the three main migration corridors in the Region (see map above) in Djibouti (11), Ethiopia (5), Somalia (7), South Sudan (19), Uganda (15) and Burundi (8).

7,671 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe through different land and sea routes in January 2019. More than a half (60%) of all arrivals were registered arriving through the Western Mediterranean Route.

DTM team interviewed 1,341 migrants and refugees in Spain between July and October 2018. 89 per cent of respondents were male and 11 per cent female. Majority of respondents were nationals of Guinea (30%), Mali (21%), Cote d’Ivoire (11%), Senegal (6%) and Cameroon (8%).

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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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