Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

Learn more Close
World map
Central Mediterranean Route
Western Mediterranean Route
Eastern Mediterranean Route
As of 2019
As of 2018
As of 2017

Missing Migrants Project
Tracking deaths along migratory routes worldwide.

For more information:

Data Sources: IOM and National Authorities

A total of 9,956 undocumented Afghans spontaneously returned or were deported from Iran through the Milak (Nimroz) and Herat (Islam Qala) border crossings between 30 Dec 2018 - 5 Jan 2019, 4% less than in the previous week (10,371). 5,721 returned between 1—5 Jan 2019.

A total of 10,371 undocumented Afghans spontaneously returned or were deported from Iran through the Milak (Nimroz) and Herat (Islam Qala) border crossings between 23 - 29 Dec 2018, 7% less than in the previous week (11,141).

IOM Uganda monitors migration flows along the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) through six strategically located flow monitoring points (FMP) illustrated in the map.

En Guinée, 5 points de suivi ont été installés depuis avril 2017 dans les localités frontalières avec le Mali et le Sénégal dont 3 sont actifs à ce jour. Il s’agit des localités de Kouremalé, Nafadji et Boundoufourdou où l’on observe les mouvements des voyageurs.

Results show that the daily average number of individuals observed in November at the FMPs in Nigeria increased by five per cent as compared to October.

Au cours du mois de novembre, les principaux motifs de déplacement des personnes transitant par les points de suivi des flux ont été: les mouvements locaux de courte durée (35%), 

Au Sénégal, un point de suivi est installé depuis avril 2017 sur plusieurs lieux de transit importants à Tambacounda et observe plus particulièrement les mouvements quotidiens des bus de voyageurs en provenance et à destination du Mali, de la Gambie et de la Guinée.

According to available data from national authorities and IOM offices, a total of 133,489 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe between January and November 2018, 25 per cent decrease compared to the 178,232 reported in the same period 2017.

En este documento se exponen los resultados del análisis de las 252 encuestas, levantadas por OIM Chile, entre los días 22 y 26 de octubre.

In northern Niger, two flow monitoring points have been activated since February

Since July 2016, several Flow Monitoring Points have been set up in strategic locations in Mali, such as Gao, Timbuktu, Kidal, Menaka, Mopti, Kayes, Segou, Sikasso and Bamako, to monitor the daily movements of migrants transiting to and from West and North African countries.

Au Mali, des points de suivi des flux (FMP) ont été installés depuis juillet 2016 dans différents lieux stratégiques, notammant à Gao, Tombouctou, Kidal, Ménaka, Mopti, Kayes, Ségou, Sikasso et Bamako, et font l'observation des mouvements quotidiens de voyageurs en provenance et à destination des

Dans le nord du Niger, deux points de suivi ont été installé depuis février 2016 dans la ville de Séguédine et d’

Dans le Nord du Tchad, un point de suivi a été installé depuis avril 2017 dans la ville de Kalait, suivi par l'installation de points de suivi à Faya et Zouarké en mars 2018.

A total of 11,141 undocumented Afghans spontaneously returned or were deported from Iran through the Milak (Nimroz) and Herat (Islam Qala) border crossings between 16 - 22 Dec 2018, 2% more than in the previous week (10,874).

L’OIM travaille avec les autorités nationales, locales et des partenaires locaux, afin de mieux comprendre et connaître les mouvements migratoires à travers l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre.

According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) currently there are more than 3,9 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection.

This fact sheet provides a bi-weekly update on migration-related events off the Libyan coast. During the reporting period, 10 migrants were returned to the Libyan shore, 2 bodies were retrieved and 13 migrants went missing at sea.

This fact sheet provides a bi-weekly update on Voluntary Humanitarian Returns carried out by IOM Libya.

This fact sheet provides a bi-weekly update on Voluntary Humanitarian Returns carried out by IOM Libya. During the reporting period, 502 stranded migrants were assisted to return to their home countries.

In Round 22, DTM identified there to be at least 670,920 migrants in Libya. Migrants were identified in all baladiyas, within 558 communities and originated from more than 39 countries.

From date
To date

About is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform,, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.


The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.



This website is funded by:

Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team


Country Focal Persons