Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

Learn more Close
World map
Stranded migrants and refugees
As of 03 October 2018
Migrant presence in Europe


Number of migrants and asylum seekers

Update Date



29 Aug 2018

Bosnia and Herzegovina


12 Jun 2019



12 Jun 2019



05 Jun 2019



30 Jan 2019



27 Mar 2019



05 Sep 2018



29 May 2019

Kosovo (SCR 1244)


01 May 2019



22 May 2019

North Macedonia


12 Jun 2019



12 Jun 2019



12 Jun 2019



12 Jun 2019

For Croatia, Cyprus, and Slovenia, figures represent number of asylum seekers.
For Greece beginning in 2018, figures based on monthly available data for different types of accommodation facilities excluding the number of self-settled migrants and refugees.
For Italy, figures refer to migrants in reception at the end of the month. Data on migrants in centres for repatriation/expulsion are not included in these figures. 
For Hungary, figures are as of 5 September 2018 and more updated migrant presence information is not available for the time being.
Data Sources: National Authorities, IOM and UNHCR

Since DTM’s last update on 17 May, an additional 1,455 displaced families (approximately 7,275 individuals) were identified, bringing the total to at least 16,460 families (approximately 82,300 individuals) who have

Le mois d'avril a connu una baisse de 8% du nombre de personnes observées par rapport au mois précédent. Cependent, les données montrent une augmentation de 180 personnes déplacées pour cause de conflit, passant de 171 personnes en mars à 351 personnes en avril.

La DTM au Niger observe les flux migratoires à sept Point de suivi des flux (FMP) à travers le pays : Arlit, Séguédine, Madama, Dan Issa, Dan Barto, Tahoua et Magaria.

DTM Niger monitors migration flows at seven key transit points around the country: Arlit, Séguédine, Madama, Dan Issa, Dan Barto, Tahoua and Magaria. In April 2019, 2,105 individuals were on average observed crossing FMPs daily.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) currently there are more than 3,9 million foreign nationals persent in Turkish territory seeking international protection.

As part of IOM’s Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) preparedness activities, DTM operates Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) on the borders with Uganda (UGA), the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Central African Republic (CAR).

From 01 to 31 March 2019, 40,836 movements were observed at 8 flow monitoring points in the provinces of Muyinga, Cankuzo, Ruyigi and Rutana.

 Du 1er au 31 mars 2019, 40,836 mouvements ont été observés sur 8 points de transit dans les provinces de Muyinga, Cankuzo, Ruyigi et Rutana.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

Overall movements tracked by IOM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) of Cambodian nationals between Cambodia and Thailand in Poi Pet and Kamrieng districts during April 2019.

Some 30,000 children arrived in Greece, Italy, Bulgaria and Spain between January and December 2018, a 9 per cent drop compared to 2017. A total of 12,700 children were registered as unaccompanied and separated.

From 2 to 13 May, in close coordination with Mozambique’s National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC), IOM DTM (Displacement Tracking Matrix) teams conducted baseline assessments at Locality level (Localidade), which corresponds to the lowest administrative lev

Inflows of newly-arrived IDPs peaked at over 1,100 families per week in the week of 28 September and 5 October. There was a sharp, 74% decrease from 5 to 19 October.

روند ورودی بیجاشـدگان داخیل تازه وارد در هفته ۲۸ ب سـپتم ایل ۵ اکتوبر، به بیشر ت از ۱۱۰۰ ی فامیـل م سـید و در تاریـخ ۵ ایل ۱۹ اکتوبـر ٪۷۴ کاهـش را نشـان میدهـد.

Ce rapport présente les données collectées pendant le mois d'avril 2019 aux points de passage Faya, Kalait, dans le nord du Tchad, et Rig-Rig à l'ouest du pays, qui ont été installés afin d’observer les mouvements des voyageurs en transit.

Ce rapport présente des analyses sur des indicateurs clés collectés à travers les deux outils de suivi des flux mis en oeuvre par la matrice de suivi des déplacements (DTM), l'enregistrement et les enquêtes individuelles.

The DTM Quarterly Regional Report is produced and published every 3 months to consolidate and present summary updates and highlights of regional population mobility situation.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations in March 2019.

In Mali, Flow Monitoring Points are set up at key transit locations across the country (Gao, Timbuktu, Kidal, Menaka, Mopti, Kayes, Segou, Sikasso and Bamako) to monitor the movements of travelers coming from and headed to other countries in West and North Africa.

Over the reporting period, a total of 31,089 individual movements were observed at six (6) Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) at the Ugandan (UGA) border with South Sudan (SSD). 71 per cent of population movements reported the duration of stay within a day to a week in the intended destination.

Au Mali, des points de suivi des flux (FMP) sont installés dans des lieux de transit clés du pays (Gao, Tombouctou, Kidal, Ménaka, Mopti, Kayes, Ségou, Sikasso et Bamako) afin d'enregistrer les mouvements de voyageurs en partance vers et en provenance d'autres pays en Afrique de l'Ouest et du Nor

From date
To date

About is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform,, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.


The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.



This website is funded by:

Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team


Country Focal Persons