Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Stranded migrants and refugees
As of 03 October 2018
Migrant presence in Europe


Number of migrants and asylum seekers

Update Date



29 Aug 2018

Bosnia and Herzegovina


12 Jun 2019



12 Jun 2019



05 Jun 2019



30 Jan 2019



29 May 2019



05 Sep 2018



29 May 2019

Kosovo (SCR 1244)


01 May 2019



12 Jun 2019

North Macedonia


12 Jun 2019



12 Jun 2019



12 Jun 2019



12 Jun 2019

For Croatia, Cyprus, and Slovenia, figures represent number of asylum seekers.
For Greece beginning in 2018, figures based on monthly available data for different types of accommodation facilities excluding the number of self-settled migrants and refugees.
For Italy, figures refer to migrants in reception at the end of the month. Data on migrants in centres for repatriation/expulsion are not included in these figures. 
For Hungary, figures are as of 5 September 2018 and more updated migrant presence information is not available for the time being.
Data Sources: National Authorities, IOM and UNHCR

Over the reporting period, a total of 124,156 movements were observed at eight (8) Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) at the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Over the reporting period, a total of 33,667 individual movements were observed at six (6) Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) at the Ugandan (UGA) border with South Sudan (SSD).

Overall movements tracked by IOM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) of Cambodian nationals between Cambodia and Thailand at Ou Anlouk and O Rumdoul during May 2019.

In May 2019, 164,764 movements were tracked by IOM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) of Myanmar nationals between Thailand and Myanmar in Mae Sot and Phop Phra districts.

According to the latest available figures frmo the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) there were more than 3,9 million foreign nationals seeking international protection in Turkish territory at the end of May 2019.

A total of 21,869 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe through different land and sea routes between January and April 2019, 29 per cent less than in the same period last year, hen 30,961 sea and land arrivals were reported, 56 per cent less than the 50,108 arrivals registered in 2017 and 88 p

Le bureau régional de la DTM a porté assistance à la mise en place d’un réseau de 65 points de suivi des flux migratoires, sur les quatre routes principales dans la région (voir carte ci-dessus) à Djibouti (11), en Ethiopie (5), en Somalie (7), au Soudan du Sud (19), en Ouganda (15) et au Burundi

The DTM Monthly Regional Snapshot contains summary updates of DTM field operations.

In April 2019, it was calculated, according to official and available records compiled by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), that around 3.7 million Venezuelans were residing abroad.

As part of IOM’s Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) preparedness activities, DTM operates Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) on the borders with Uganda (UGA), the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Central African Republic (CAR).

Au Burkina Faso, des Points de suivi des flux (FMP) sont installés sur plusieurs lieux de transit importants à Ouagadougou, Dori/Seytenga, Kantchari, Faramana et Yendere.

DTM’s Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) surveys people on the move at key transit points within South Sudan (SSD) and at its borders.

This assessment report covers the period between 1 January and 31 December 2018. During this period, the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) recorded 30,413 Afghan nationals returning to Afghanistan from Pakistan through the Torkham (55%) and Chaman (45%) border crossings.

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) interviewed 2,613 households representing 5,216 travelling individuals crossing into and out of Bentiu Protection of Civilians (PoC) and Malakal PoC site during April 2019.

En Guinée, 5 points de suivi ont été installés depuis avril 2017 dans les localités frontalières avec le Mali et le Sénégal dont 3 sont actifs à ce jour. Il s’agit des localités de Kouremalé, Nafadji et Boundoufourdou où l’on observe les mouvements des voyageurs entrant et quittant ces lieux.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

In Nigeria, FMPs were established in March 2017 in several important transit locations in Sokoto and Kano to monitor the movements of passenger buses to and from Niger. This dashboard is an overview of the data collected in these FMPs in April 2019.

Au Sénégal, un point de suivi est installé depuis avril 2017 sur plusieurs lieux de transit importants à Tambacounda et observe plus particulièrement les mouvements quotidiens des bus de voyageurs en provenance et à destination du Mali, de la Gambie et de la Guinée.

In the second half of 2018, Migrants Presence Monitoring (MPM) team in Turkey conducted Baseline Assessment. During the fieldwork that was conducted between October and December 2018, enumerators and team leaders noted their observations that are compiled and summarized in this report.

Migrants Presence Monitoring (MPM) team in Turkey conducted a first round of Baseline Assessment in Istanbul Province between in the second half of the 2018. The Baseline 2 phase, that involves field data collection was conducted between October and December 2018.

In April 2019, a total of 32,933 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a significant increase (41%) in comparison with March 2019 when 23,407 movements were observed.

In the second half of 2018, Migrants Presence Monitoring (MPM) team in Turkey conducted the Baseline assessment for 24 Turkish provinces. The Baseline 2 phase was conducted between September and November 2018.

This document offers an analysis of 731 individual surveys carried out between January and March 2019 with travellers crossing the two Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs), Faya and Kalait, set up in Northern Chad.

From date
To date

About is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform,, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.


The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.



This website is funded by:

Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team


Country Focal Persons