Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
569
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
04 Jun - 10 Jun

Current week
11 Jun - 17 Jun

Greece

593

235

-60%

Italy

290

16

-94%

Spain

267

581

117%

Total first arrival countries*

1,150

832

-28%

Registered Migrants in Other countries*

Montenegro

136

116

-14%

Romania

15

11

-26%

Serbia

118

218

84%

North Macedonia

18

60

233%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Bangladesh, Tunisia, Algeria, Iraq, Senegal (February 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Palestinian Territories, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Congo (February 2019)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Algeria, Guinea Conakry, Côte d'Ivoire (February 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Iraq (February 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

 

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

 Au Burkina Faso, des Points de suivi des flux (FMP) sont installés sur plusieurs lieux de transit importants à Ouagadougou, Dori/Seytenga, Kantchari, Faramana et Yendere.

In February 2019, the average daily number of individuals observed at the Flow Monitoring Points increased by 13 per cent compared to the previous month.

As part of IOM’s Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) preparedness activities, DTM operates seven Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) in Yambio, Yei and Morobo counties and six in cooperation with DTM Uganda on the Ugandan side of the border.

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) interviewed 5,604 households (9,470 individuals) crossing into and out of Bentiu Protection of Civilians site (PoC) site, Malakal PoC site, Wau PoC Adjacent Area (AA) site and Wau collective centres (Cathedral, Nazareth, St.

DTM’s Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) surveys people on the move at key transit points within South Sudan and at its borders.

This weekly situation report covers the reporting period between 3 and 16 March 2019.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

Through Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) installed on major routes connecting to Herat City, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has been monitoring inflows of drought-affected IDPs, since 9 September 2018.

Through Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) installed on major routes connecting to Herat City, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has been monitoring inflows of drought-affected IDPs, since 9 September 2018.

In Afghanistan, DTM employs the Baseline Mobility Assessment tool, designed to track mobility, determine the population sizes and locations of forcibly displaced people, reasons for displacement, places of origin, displacement locations and times of displacement, including basic demographics, as

En Guinée, 5 points de suivi ont été installés depuis avril 2017 dans les localités frontalières avec le Mali et le Sénégal dont 3 sont actifs à ce jour. Il s’agit des localités de Kouremalé, Nafadji et Boundoufourdou où l’on observe les mouvements des voyageurs.

Ce rapport présente les données collectées pendant le mois de février 2019 aux points de passage Faya et Kalait, dans le nord du Tchad, qui ont été installés afin d’observer les mouvements des voyageurs en transit.

DTM’s Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) surveys people on the move at key transit points within South Sudan and at its borders.

While often overlooked, women and girls are important features of migration flows in West and Central Africa. Indeed, the share of female travellers in the region has grown significantly in the past few years.

In February 2019, a total of 18,236 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a significant decrease in comparison with January 2019 when 23,396 movements were observed.

The flow monitoring surveys are part of the IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) data collection activities in West and Central Africa, East and Horn of Africa, Libya and Europe (Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kosovo (UNSCR 1244/1999), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Mo

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

Au Niger, des Points de suivi des flux (FMP) sont installés sur plusieurs lieux de transit importants à Arlit, Séguédine/Madama, Magaria, Dan Issa, Dan Borto, et Tahoua.

In Niger, Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) are active at several important transit points in Arlit, Séguédine/Madama, Magaria, Dan Issa, Dan Borto, and Tahoua.

Over the reporting period a total of 34,793 movements were observed at nine (9) flow monitoring points at the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The increase in flows registered through the DTM is due to the opening of new FMPs in Goli, Madepo, and Butogota in January.

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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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This website is funded by:


Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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