Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
569
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
04 Jun - 10 Jun

Current week
11 Jun - 17 Jun

Greece

593

235

-60%

Italy

290

16

-94%

Spain

267

581

117%

Total first arrival countries*

1,150

832

-28%

Registered Migrants in Other countries*

Montenegro

136

116

-14%

Romania

15

11

-26%

Serbia

118

218

84%

North Macedonia

18

60

233%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Bangladesh, Tunisia, Algeria, Iraq, Senegal (February 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Palestinian Territories, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Congo (February 2019)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Algeria, Guinea Conakry, Côte d'Ivoire (February 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Iraq (February 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

 

This report presents data collected at key transit points in Faya, Kalait and Rig-Rig, in Northern and Western Chad. These Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) were set up in order to monitor the movements of travellers in transit through the country. The FMP in Rig-Rig was installed in April 2019.

The DTM Monthly Regional Snapshot contains summary updates of DTM field operations. It is published on a monthly basis and covers the East Africa and Horn of Africa Region.

Le mois d'avril a connu una baisse de 8% du nombre de personnes observées par rapport au mois précédent. Cependent, les données montrent une augmentation de 180 personnes déplacées pour cause de conflit, passant de 171 personnes en mars à 351 personnes en avril.

La DTM au Niger observe les flux migratoires à sept Point de suivi des flux (FMP) à travers le pays : Arlit, Séguédine, Madama, Dan Issa, Dan Barto, Tahoua et Magaria.

DTM Niger monitors migration flows at seven key transit points around the country: Arlit, Séguédine, Madama, Dan Issa, Dan Barto, Tahoua and Magaria. In April 2019, 2,105 individuals were on average observed crossing FMPs daily.

Since DTM’s last update on 17 May, an additional 1,455 displaced families (approximately 7,275 individuals) were identified, bringing the total to at least 16,460 families (approximately 82,300 individuals) who have

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) currently there are more than 3,9 million foreign nationals persent in Turkish territory seeking international protection.

As part of IOM’s Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) preparedness activities, DTM operates Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) on the borders with Uganda (UGA), the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Central African Republic (CAR).

From 01 to 31 March 2019, 40,836 movements were observed at 8 flow monitoring points in the provinces of Muyinga, Cankuzo, Ruyigi and Rutana.

 Du 1er au 31 mars 2019, 40,836 mouvements ont été observés sur 8 points de transit dans les provinces de Muyinga, Cankuzo, Ruyigi et Rutana.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

Some 30,000 children arrived in Greece, Italy, Bulgaria and Spain between January and December 2018, a 9 per cent drop compared to 2017. A total of 12,700 children were registered as unaccompanied and separated.

Overall movements tracked by IOM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) of Cambodian nationals between Cambodia and Thailand in Poi Pet and Kamrieng districts during April 2019.

From 2 to 13 May, in close coordination with Mozambique’s National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC), IOM DTM (Displacement Tracking Matrix) teams conducted baseline assessments at Locality level (Localidade), which corresponds to the lowest administrative lev

Inflows of newly-arrived IDPs peaked at over 1,100 families per week in the week of 28 September and 5 October. There was a sharp, 74% decrease from 5 to 19 October.

روند ورودی بیجاشـدگان داخیل تازه وارد در هفته ۲۸ ب سـپتم ایل ۵ اکتوبر، به بیشر ت از ۱۱۰۰ ی فامیـل م سـید و در تاریـخ ۵ ایل ۱۹ اکتوبـر ٪۷۴ کاهـش را نشـان میدهـد.

Ce rapport présente les données collectées pendant le mois d'avril 2019 aux points de passage Faya, Kalait, dans le nord du Tchad, et Rig-Rig à l'ouest du pays, qui ont été installés afin d’observer les mouvements des voyageurs en transit.

Over the reporting period, a total of 107,706 movements were observed at eight (8) Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) at the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

The DTM Quarterly Regional Report is produced and published every 3 months to consolidate and present summary updates and highlights of regional population mobility situation.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations in March 2019.

Over the reporting period, a total of 31,089 individual movements were observed at six (6) Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) at the Ugandan (UGA) border with South Sudan (SSD). 71 per cent of population movements reported the duration of stay within a day to a week in the intended destination.

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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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