Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
By sea
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe




Previous week
04 Jun - 10 Jun

Current week
11 Jun - 17 Jun













Total first arrival countries*




Registered Migrants in Other countries*













North Macedonia




*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.


Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Bangladesh, Tunisia, Algeria, Iraq, Senegal (February 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Palestinian Territories, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Congo (February 2019)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Algeria, Guinea Conakry, Côte d'Ivoire (February 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Iraq (February 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.


The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

Over the reporting period a total of 18,391 movements were observed at six (6) flow monitoring points at the border with the Democractic Republic of Congo (DRC). Inflows into Uganda were slightly higher (56%) than outflows to DRC (44%).

In January 2019, a total of 23,396 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a slight decrease in comparison with December 2018 when 25,884 movements were observed.

Detention Centre Profiling is a component of IOM Libya’s Displacement Matrix programme. It is a data oriented tool that routinely provides specific sex and age demographic data and key sectorial information on individuals held in Libya’s detention Centres.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

Le rapport expose les résultats d’enquêtes menées entre le 15 et le 30 novembre 2018 par l’OIM Mauritanie auprès 544 migrants de la commune de Nouadhibou (Dakhlet Nouadhibou) ainsi qu' une estimation du nombre de migrants prése

DTM interviewed 1,473 households representing 4,315 individuals (62% women and girls) entering or exiting Wau Protection of Civilians site Adjacent Area (PoC AA site) between 1 September and 30 November 2018.

DTM keeps track of movement into and out of Malakal Protection of Civilian (PoC) site. DTM interviewed 3,519 households representing 3,898 individuals from September to November 2018.

DTM interviewed 2,127 households representing 4,234 travelling individuals crossing into and out of Bentiu Protection of Civilians site (PoC) site, Malakal PoC site and Wau PoC Adjacent Area (AA) site during the reporting period.

From 1 to 30 November 2018, 43,333 movements were recorded at 8 flow monitoring points, namely Mbundi and Rusumo (Muyinga province), Mukambati and Ntibitobangwa (Cankuzo province), Mungano and Kabuyenge (Ruyigi province) and Kwa Elidadi and Kwa Ntunaguzi (Rutana province).

Du 1 au 30 Novembre 2018, 43.333 mouvements ont été enregistrés sur 8 points de traversée à savoir Mbundi et Rusumo (province Muyinga), Mukambati et Ntibitobangwa (province Cankuzo), Mungano et Kabuyenge (province Ruyigi), Kwa Elidadi et Kwa Ntunaguzi (province Rutana).

Between January and December 2018, a total of 144,166 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe using different land and sea routes. Estimated 28 per cent of the overall arrivals in 2018 were recorded in the last quarter of the year (40,716).

In January 2019, 160,208 movements (80,447 inflows and  79,761 outflows) of Myanmar nationals between Thailand and Myanmar were tracked by IOM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) in the Mae Sot and Phop Phra districts of Tak province, Thailand.

According to the compilation of available data from national authorities and IOM offices, a total of 144, 166 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe between January and December 2018, 23 per cent less than the 186,788 recorded in 2017 and 63 per cent less than the 390,456 in 2016.

DTM Mediterranean team surveyed 5,328 migrants and asylum seekers in Italy, Spain, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Montenegro and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Reporting team prepared 16 statistical overview reports, 6 migrant profiles analysis.

La moyenne des individus observés par jour était de 478 individus pendant le mois de janvier 2019, une augmentation de 17% par rapport au mois de décembre 2018 (446).

Inflows of newly-arrived IDPs peaked at over 1,100 families per week in the week of 28 September and 5 October. There was a sharp, 74% decrease from 5 to 19 October. There was a modest

According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) there are currently an estimated 3,9 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection.

61,012 irregular migrants were officially registered by the authorities in the Western Balkan countries which is five times more than the 13,216 registered in the previous year.

أجريت الجولة الثالثة والعشرين لتجميع البيانات الخاصّة بالهجرة خلال شهري نوفمبر وديسمبر من سنة .2018 وتمكّنت مصفوفة تتبّع النزوح من إحصاء ما لا يقلّ عن 663.445 مهاجرا موجودين حاليا في جميع بلديات ليبيا وفي داخل 571 محلّة. ويعود أصل المهاجرين إلى أكثر من 44 دولة.

DTM Libya Round 23 Key Findings

In Round 23, DTM identified there to be at least 663,455 migrants in Libya. Migrants were identified in all baladiyas, within 571 communities and originated from more than 44 countries.

According to the latest available data from the Turkish Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM) there are currently an estimated 3,9 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection.

According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) currently there are more than 4 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection.

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About is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform,, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.


The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.



This website is funded by:

Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team


Country Focal Persons