Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
555
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
30 May - 05 Jun

Current week
06 Jun - 12 Jun

Cyprus

136

8

-94%

Greece

1,047

609

-41%

Italy

316

251

-20%

Spain

454

303

-33%

Total first arrival countries*

1,953

1,171

-40%

Registered Migrants in Other countries*

Bosnia and Herzegovina

598

1,668

178%

Montenegro

85

94

10%

Romania

9

6

-33%

Serbia

585

118

-79%

North Macedonia

15

12

-20%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Bangladesh, Tunisia, Algeria, Iraq, Senegal (February 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Palestinian Territories, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Congo (February 2019)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Algeria, Guinea Conakry, Côte d'Ivoire (February 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Iraq (February 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

 

Due to continued escalation of violence in South Tripoli, an additional 335 families (approximately 1,675 individuals) were displaced during the last 24 hours.

نزحت 335 أسرة إضافية (حوالي 1.675 فرد) خلال الأربع والعشرين ساعة الماضية من جرّاء استمرار تصاعد أعمال العنف في جنوب طرابلس.

As part of population flow monitoring activities implemented by IOM through the Displacement Tracking Matrix, Individual surveys, whose goal is to garner information on the profiles of travellers, including their nationality, level of education, employment status, and areas of origin and countrie

Le nombre d’individus observés aux FMPs a diminué de 43% entre le mois de janvier 2019 et de février 2019, passant de 13,594 individus à  7,710.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

After the onset of armed conflict in Suq Al Khamis, Aziziya and southern Tripoli on 05 April 2019, at least 560 families (approximately 2,800 individuals) have been displaced to other areas in Tripoli, Msallata, Garabolli, Bani Waleed and Tarhuna, including 250 families over the past 24 hours.

A total of 11,552 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe between January and February 2019, the lowest number reported since 2015 when 12,258 sea and land arrivals were recorded. 52 per cent of individuals arrived through the Western Mediterranean route to Spain.

Following the escalation of armed conflict in Suq Al Khamis, Aziziya and southern Tripoli on 05 April, over the past 24 hours at least 310 households (approximately 1,550 individuals) have been displaced to other areas in Tripoli, Bani Waleed and Tarhuna.

In March 2019, 177,684 movements were tracked by IOM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) of Myanmar nationals between Thailand and Myanmar in Mae Sot and Phop Phra districts during March 2019. Overall there were 78,688 inflows to Thailand and 98,996 returns to Myanmar.

 

According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) there are estimated more than 4 million foreign nationals present in Turkey. Most of them are Syrian nationals under Temporary Protection status (3,641,344).

Dans le cadre des activités de suivi des flux de populations mises en oeuvre par l’OIM à travers la matrice de suivi des déplacements (DTM), des enquêtes individuelles sont menées quotidiennement auprès d’un échantillon de voyageurs qui passent par ces points.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

Through Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) installed on major routes connecting to Herat City, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has been monitoring inflows of drought-affected IDPs, since 9 September 2018. This report presents cumulative information as of 8 March 2019.

برنامه سیستم ردیابی بیجاشدگی سازمان بین المللی مهاجرت (IOM) در تاریخ ۹، ماه سپتمبر سال ۲۰۱۸ فعالیت های نظارت از جریان عبور را در مسیر شاهراه های که به شهر هرات منتهی میشود آغاز نموده و جریان ورودی بیجاشدگان داخلی (IDP)  ناشی از خشکسالی را نظ

Through Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) installed on major routes connecting to Herat City, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has been monitoring inflows of drought-affected IDPs, since 9 September 2018. This report presents cumulative information as of 15 March 2019.

برنامه سیستم ردیابی بیجاشدگی سازمان بین المللی مهاجرت (IOM) در تاریخ ۹، ماه سپتمبر سال ۲۰۱۸ فعالیت های نظارت از جریان عبور را در مسیر شاهراه های که به شهر هرات منتهی میشود آغاز نموده و جریان ورودی بیجاشدگان داخلی (IDP)  ناشی از خشکسالی را نظ

According to the latest available data from the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) currently there are more than 4 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection.

Results show that the daily average number of individuals observed in February at the FMPs in Nigeria was 1,385, a fourteen per cent decreased compared to January 2019.

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) interviewed 4,319 households representing 7,494 travelling individuals crossing into and out of Bentiu Protection of Civilians site (PoC) site, Malakal PoC site, Wau PoC Adjacent Area (AA) site and Wau collective centres (Cathedral, Nazareth, St.

DTM Niger monitors migration flows at seven key transit points around the country: Arlit, Séguédine, Madama, Dan Issa, Dan Barto and Magaria. In February 2019, 1,436 individuals were on average observed crossing FMPs daily.

La DTM au Niger observe les flux migratoires à sept Point de suivi des flux (FMP) à travers le pays : Arlit, Séguédine, Madama, Dan Issa, Dan Barto et Magaria.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

 Au Burkina Faso, des Points de suivi des flux (FMP) sont installés sur plusieurs lieux de transit importants à Ouagadougou, Dori/Seytenga, Kantchari, Faramana et Yendere.

Au Sénégal, un point de suivi est installé depuis avril 2017 sur plusieurs lieux de transit importants à Tambacounda et observe plus particulièrement les mouvements quotidiens des bus de voyageurs en provenance et à destination du Mali, de la Gambie et de la Guinée.

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Component
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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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