Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

Learn more Close
World map
Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018 *
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
*IOM estimates
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
220
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
07 Feb - 13 Feb

Current week
14 Feb - 20 Feb

Bulgaria

4

26

550%

Greece

394

219

-44%

Italy

13

12

-7%

Spain

389

242

-37%

Total first arrival countries*

800

499

-38%

Serbia

157

150

-4%

North Macedonia

22

46

109%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Tunisia, Eritrea, Iraq, Sudan, Pakistan (December 2018)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Palestinian Territories (December 2018)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Guinea Conakry, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire (December 2018)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Turkey (December 2018)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.
 

In September 2018, the average daily number of indiviuals observed at the Flow Monitoring Points increased by 12% compared to the previous month. Nationals from Mali, Guinea, Côte  d'Ivoire, Senegal and Gambia accounted for 81% of all the migrants recorded at the flow monitoring points.

En septembre 2018, la moyenne journalière du nombre d'individus observés aux différents point de suivi des flux a augmenté de 12% par rapport au mois précédent.

Results show that the daily average number of individuals observed in September at the FMPs in Nigeria increased slightly by 0.2 per cent as compared to August.

A total of 14,729 undocumented Afghans spontaneously returned
or were deported from Iran through the Milak (Nimroz) and Herat
(Islam Qala) border crossings between 14 to 20 October 2018.
21% less than in the previous week. This brings the total number

In September, a total of 26,212 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points in Somalia, representing a significant decrease in comparison with August when 34,219 individuals were observed.

This weekly situation report covers the reporting period between 7 and 13 October 2018.

Available DTM data, from national authorities and IOM offices in Europe, shows that by the end of June 2018, a total of 58,357 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe using different land and sea routes.

Dans le Nord du Tchad, un point de suivi a été installé depuis avril 2017 dans la ville de Kalait, suivi par l'installation de points de suivi à Faya et Zouarké en mars 2018.

Currently, 3 strategically placed FMPs remain, where DTM teams monitor incoming and outgoing flows of IDPs, identify and register drought-affected IDP families, and provide newly arriving families with IDP cards to facilitate their registration for humanitarian assistance.

According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) there are currently an estimated 3,9 million foreign nationals present in Turkey seeing international protection.

A total of 16,426 undocumented Afghans spontaneously returned
or were deported from Iran through the Milak (Nimroz) and Herat
(Islam Qala) border crossings between 07 to 13 October 2018.
21% less than in the previous week. This brings the total number

317 entries and 11 exitas were reported across all the checkpoints this week. The trend highlights a slight decrease on entries compared to last week. Few exits were recorded this week, the lowest number since March 2018.

24 entries and zero exits were recorded in Dolow IDP camps between 28 September and 4 October 2018. The number of entries decreased slightly compared to the previous week. The majority of the new arrivals cited food as their reason for displacement (60%) while the rest cited insecurity (40%).

Over the reporting period, a total number of 77 entries was recorded, which was lower than the number of entries recorded in the previous week. No exits were recorded between 28 September and 4 October 2018.

Este reporte presenta la información obtenida a través de las encuestas realizadas con 128 migrantes en la casa del migrante en Tecún Úman. La mayoría entre ellos (110 personas) mencionaron los Estados Unidos como su país de destino final, mientras que 16 quieren ir a Mexico.

The role of IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) within the humanitarian drought response is to monitor inflows of IDPs arriving in Herat, identify and register only the newly arriving IDP caseload, and report/share the information with humanitarian partners to facilitate onward registration

This weekly situation report covers the reporting period between 30 September and 6 October 2018. 370 undocumented Afghan individuals returned to Afghanistan through the Torkham border crossing whilst 323 individuals used the Chaman/Spin Boldak border crossing, bringing the total number of return

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) team mobilized to respond to critical levels of internal displacement, caused by what is being described as the worst drought in Afghanistan in decades.

[This report is in Dari.]

In July 2018, a total of 35,885 individuals were recorded in border crossing points monitored by the DTM. This represents a decrease in comparison with June 2018 when a total of 42,074 individuals were recorded.

The map tracks the reponse to ebola on the border between the countries of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda.

DTM monitors population movement at 12 border crossing locations between Somalia and neighbouring countries. In November, a total of 5,383 cross-border movements were recorded, which represents a slight decrease in comparison with October (when 6,670 individuals were recorded).

December saw an increase in flows recorded in Somalia, with a total of 7,310 individuals recorded for this month (in comparison with 5,383 in November).

In May, a total of 31,464 individuals were recorded in border crossing points monitored by the DTM. This represents a slight increase in comparison with April 2018. The ratio of inflows and outflows remained relatively stable, with 63% of flows entering Somalia and 37% exiting Somalia.

Country
Operation
Round
Component
From date
To date

About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Contact

Image CAPTCHA

This website is funded by:


Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

Facebook
Website

Country Focal Persons