Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
By sea
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe




Previous week
07 Mar - 13 Mar

Current week
14 Mar - 20 Mar













Total first arrival countries*












North Macedonia




*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.


Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Bangladesh, Iraq, Tunisia, Senegal, Guinea (January 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Palestinian Territories, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Congo (January 2019)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Algeria, The Gambia, Guinea Conakry (January 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Iraq (January 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

Les résultats montrent que la moyenne journalière d’individu observé en octobre aux FMP au Niger a diminué de 2% par rapport à

Results show that the daily average number of individuals observed in October at the FMPs in Niger decreas

Le nombre d'individus observés aux FMPs a diminué de 4% entre le mois de Octobre et de Novembre 2018, passant de 19 415 individus à 18 637 individus.

Results show that the daily average number of individuals observed in October at the FMPs in Nigeria increased by 15 per cent as compared to September.

Analysis focuses on the set of vulnerability indicators included in the Flow Monitoring Surveys implemented in Turkey. DTM/MPM team interviewed 3,173 surveys in 14 provinces between December 2017 and February 2018 .

According to the findings from the Baseline report, across the ten provinces assessed, the Baseline 2 recorded presence of 195,849 migrants, 14 per cent less than the 229,419 recorded in the Baseline 1.

According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) there were more than 3,9 million foreign nationals present in Turkey seeking international protection.

During Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) exercises, enumerators collect data on the numbers, provenance, destinations and basic demographic information of travelers transiting through FMPs.

IOM DTM measures mixed migration along the Ugandan (UGA) border through four strategically located flow monitoring points (FMPs). Over 90 per cent of persons observed at these points are South Sudanese.

This weekly situation report covers the reporting period between 11 and 17 November 2018. 542 undocumented Afghan individuals returned to Afghanistan through the Torkham and Chaman/Spin Boldak border.

Au cours du mois d’octobre, les principaux motifs de déplacement des personnes transitant par les points de suivi des flux ont été: les mouvements locaux de courte durée (32%), la migration économique de plus de 6 mois (32%), la migration saisonnière (30%), et le tourisme (6%).

La Organización Internacional para las Migraciones implementó en Tecún Umán (Guatemala) el monitoreo del flujo de personas salvadoreñas migrantes que partió el domingo 18 de noviembre del monumento al Divino Salvador del Mundo (El Salvador) y posteriormente cruzó la frontera "La Hachadura" hacia

Dans le Nord du Tchad, un point de suivi a été installé depuis avril 2017 dans la ville de Kalait, suivi par l'installation de points de suivi à Faya et Zouarké en mars 2018. Ce rapport présente les données collectées pendant le mois d'aout à Faya et Kalait et les mois d'octobre 2018.

Durant le mois d'octobre 2018, 496 personnes par jour ont été observés en moyenne au FMP de Tambacounda, dont 50% d'hommes, 42% de femmes et 8% de mineurs.

En octobre 2018, la moyenne journalière du nombre d’individus observés aux différents points de suivi des flux a diminué de 2 pourcent par rapport au mois précédent.

En estrecha coordinación con el equipo en campo de CONMIGRANTES, se implementó el monitoreo del flujo de personas migrantes desde el monumento al Divino Salvador del Mundo hasta la terminal de buses de occidente, punto donde la población migrante abordó cuatro autobuses con dirección hacia la fron

The International Organization for Migration continues to be actively involved in a number of Migrants' Assistance projects and Human Mobility data collection activities in the Horn of Africa (HoA) and in the Arab Peninsula.

Este reporte presenta la información obtenida atraves de encuestas en la casa del migrante en Tecún Úman, Guatemala. En total fueron entrevistados 123 personas.

1,481 undocumented Afghan individuals returned to Afghanistan throgh the Torkham and Chaman/Spin Boldak border. 583 individuals used the Torkham border crossing while 898 individuals crossed through Chaman/Spin Boldak border crossing.

Durant le mois de septembre 2018, 495 personnes par jour ont été observés en moyenne au FMP e Tambacounda, dont 51% d'hommes, 41% de femmes et 8% de mineurs.

In October, a total of 29,558 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a slight increase in comparison with September when 26,112 movements were observed. The great majority of flows identified (64%) were incoming against 36% outgoing.

DTM assessments for Round 25 were conducted from 1 October to 20 October 2018 in 110 Local Government Areas (LGAs) or districts, in Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe states.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

From date
To date

About is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform,, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.


The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.



This website is funded by:

Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team


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