Europe

World map
Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
1,041
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Latest figures

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Legend
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
30 Sep - 06 Oct

Current week
07 Oct - 13 Oct

Greece

2,206

723

-67%

Italy

393

481

22%

Malta

159

44

-72%

Spain

1,753

314

-82%

Total first arrival countries*

4,511

1,562

-65%

Registered Migrants in Other countries*

Montenegro

266

289

8%

Romania

0

2

0%

Serbia

235

459

95%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Tunisia, Pakistan, Algeria, Iraq, Bangladesh (May 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Palestinian Territories, Iraq, Democratic Republic of Congo  (May 2019)

To Spain: Guinea Conakry, Morocco, Mali, Côte d´Ivoire, the Gambia (May 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, Iraq, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey  (May 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

 

This report contains an analysis of the responses provided by migrants and refugees travelling along the Central and the Eastern Mediterranean routes and interviewed under IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) activities in 2017.

IOM recorded a cumulative total of 169,986 individuals comprising 102,733 households crossing the border into Haitian territory. 33.8% of these were female and 66.2% were male. 2,772 presumed unaccompanied minors were identified.

10,040 migrants were identified at 9 Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs). 69% of migrants were men, 18% were women, and 13% were children (including 6% of unacommpanied children). 77% of identified migrants were from Ethiopia, 22% from Somalia.

Since February 2016, IOM Niger has been carrying out flow monitoring of migrants at two points in Niger in the region of Agadez. 8,424 incoming individuals were observed in FMPs and 6,524 outgoing individuals were observed in FMPs during the month of January.

During the period covered 624 people were rescued and 16 bodies were retrieved. A total of 808 people have been rescued so far in 2017. A total of 4,480 arrivals by sea to Italy were recorded thus far in 2017.

 

Between 12—19 January 1,886 individuals were observed crossing the border into Haitian territory.

As of 26 January 2017, there are approximately 3,1 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians 2,880,325 who were granted temporary protection status. In addition, there are 461,217 foreign nationals holding

Cumulatively from the first week of June 2015 to 26 January 2017, 101,893 households representing 168,810 individuals have crossed the border into Haitian territory. 33.9% were female while 66.1% were male. 2,744 presumed unaccompanied minors were identified.

1,099,509 returnees to Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states were identified. 64,151 (5.8%) are Nigerian refugees from Chad and Cameroon.

Les points de suivi des flux sont placés dans des endroits de passages sur la route migratoire du Niger.

DTM conducted 2,163 individual interviews with migrants in 4 provinces in Turkey between 23 November 2016 and 23 January 2017. 72% of the interviewees listed countries other than Turkey as their intended destination.

The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has started tracking the movement of irregular migrants in the regions of Gao and Segou (in Benena).

La Matrice de Suivi des Déplacements (DTM) de l’OIM a débuté un suivi des mouvements de migrants irréguliers dans les régions de Gao et Ségou (Benena).

[SP]Este reporte se basa en 1,300 entrevistas que fueron realizadas con varias organizationes gubernamentales y no-gubernamentales entre agosto y octubre del 2016.

A total of 306 heads of households were interviewed: 34% were daily wage laborers in Pakistan, 11% were drivers and 6% were shopkeepers.

Until 31 December 2016, there were 181,463 cumulative arrivals in Italy, compared to 153,842 arrivals recorded by the end of 2015. In contrast to that, Greece has seen a 79% decrease in arrivals 2016 when compared to 2015, 176,654 and 857,363 respectively.

In response to the need for accurate and up-to-date information on displacement and human mobility resulting from the Boko Haram crisis in the Lake Chad basin, IOM activated its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in Nigeria in July 2014, Chad in January 2015, and Cameroon in November 2015.

Since February 2016, IOM Niger has been carrying out flow monitoring of migrants at two points in Niger in the region of Agadez. 1,663 incoming individuals were observed in FMPs and 12,923 outgoing individuals were observed in FMPs during the reporting period.

There are approximately 3.1 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians (2,823,987 individuals) who were granted temporary protection status.

Looking across Europe, arrivals to Greece and Italy alone account for 93% of the 381,307 arrivals in 2016 (as of 14December 2016). Congruently, nearly all new arrivals in 2016 have come to Europe by sea (93.6%).

In December 2016, there were approximately 3.1 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them were Syrians (2,823,987 individuals) who were granted temporary protection status.

The total number of arrivals to Europe by the end of December 2016 has been recorded as 387,739. This is in stark contrast to the 1,046,599 arrivals recorded in 2015.

The DTM Round 13 assessment focused on the six northeastern Nigerian states most affected by the ongoing conflict; Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba, and Yobe. The following DTM report covers a total of 106 LGAs and 751 wards.

La DTM es una herramienta multi-instrumento que monitorea el desplazamiento para proporcionar una visión de la situación en general y las características del flujo migratorio, incluyendo las personas que están en tr

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DATA STORIES

About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

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