Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
683
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Latest figures

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Legend
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
04 Jul - 10 Jul

Current week
11 Jul - 17 Jul

Bulgaria

38

121

218%

Greece

1,129

1,166

3%

Italy

356

21

-94%

Malta

165

0

-100%

Spain

342

1,360

297%

Total first arrival countries*

2,030

2,668

31%

Registered Migrants in Other countries*

Bosnia and Herzegovina

0

2,921

0%

Montenegro

124

118

-4%

Romania

8

38

375%

Serbia

115

380

230%

North Macedonia

46

22

-52%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Tunisia, Algeria, Iraq, Bangladesh, Pakistan (April 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic, Palestinian Territories, Democratic Republic of Congo  (April 2019)

To Spain: Morocco, Guinea Conakry, Mali, Ivory Coast, Senegal (April 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey  (April 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

 

Cumulatively since the first week of June 2015 to 14 July 2016, 72,227 households representing 125,720 individuals have crossed the border into Haitian territory. 35.0% were female while 65.0% were male. 1,686 presumed unaccompanied minors were identified.

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

Between 9 October 2015 and 11 July 2016 IOM field staff in Greece, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, Hungary and Libya conducted interviews with 10,608 migrants and refugees.

Cumulatively from the first week of 2015 to 7 July 2016, 70,556 households representing 123,353 individuals have crossed the border into Haitian territory. 35.0% were female while 65.0% were male. 1,686 presumed unaccompanied minors were identified.

This qualitative study presents the findings of the second stage of a research study conducted by IOM Iraq’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and aims to explore the experiences of Iraqi migrants in order to shed light on their motivations, decisionmaking process, journey and intentions for the

Given the policies set into place in 2016, 61,493 migrants and refugees were stranded in Greece, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Hungary, Croatia, Bulgaria and Slovenia as of 30 June 2016. This is a 9% increase since the cumulative on the 30 March.

The findings presented here are collected at the flow monitoring points located in Arlit and Séguédine, two migrant transit towns in the Agadez region of Niger.

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

This week’s report focuses on providing an analysis on adolescent youth between the ages of 15 and 18. The analysis includes a sample of 605 respondents interviewed during this period. Afghan, Syrian, Iraqis, Pakistanis and Moroccan youth comprise 96% of the respondents’ surveyed.

Cumulatively from the first week of June 2015 to 30 June 2016, 68,933 households representing 120,646 individuals have crossed the border into Haitian territory. 35.0% were female while 65.0% were male. 1,641 presumed unaccompanied minors were identified.

Les points de suivi des flux sont placés dans des endroits de passages sur la route migratoire du Niger.

Flow monitoring points are placed at known migrant passing points along the Niger migratory route. Data is collected daily at FMPs to inform migrant movements and profiles.

Flow monitoring points are placed at known migrant passing points along the Niger migratory route.

Les points de suivi des flux sont placés dans des endroits de passages sur la route migratoire du Niger.

As of 9 June 2016, Turkey implements a Temporary Protection regime for 2,742,055 refugees from Syria which grants beneficiaries right to legal stay as well as some level of access to basic rights and services.

Cumulatively from the first week of June 2015 to 16 June 2016, 65,686 households representing 115,586 individuals have crossed the border into Haitian territory. 35.1% were female while 64.9% were male. 1,580 presumed unaccompanied minors were identified.

This week’s report focuses on providing an analysis on Syrian, Afghan, Iraqi, Pakistani and North & West African nationals (sample of 854 respondents). The average respondent was 27 years old. Men comprised 85% of all individuals surveyed.

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

As of 14 June 2016, the Libyan Coast Guard (LCG) had rescued 6,865 irregular migrants and reported 153 fatalities for 2016. Between 1 and 2 June, the LCG in Zuwara retrieved 117 bodies at sea, of which 6 were reportedly children.

Les points de suivi des flux sont placés dans des endroits de passages sur la route migratoire du Niger.

Flow monitoring points are placed at known migrant passing points along the Niger migratory route. Data is collected daily at FMPs to inform migrant movements and profiles.

Les points de suivi des flux sont placés dans des endroits de passages sur la route migratoire du Niger.

Flow monitoring points are placed at known migrant passing points along the Niger migratory route. Data is collected daily at FMPs to inform migrant movements and profiles.

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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