Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
683
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Latest figures

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Legend
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
04 Jul - 10 Jul

Current week
11 Jul - 17 Jul

Bulgaria

38

121

218%

Greece

1,129

1,166

3%

Italy

356

21

-94%

Malta

165

0

-100%

Spain

342

1,360

297%

Total first arrival countries*

2,030

2,668

31%

Registered Migrants in Other countries*

Bosnia and Herzegovina

0

2,921

0%

Montenegro

124

118

-4%

Romania

8

38

375%

Serbia

115

380

230%

North Macedonia

46

22

-52%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Tunisia, Algeria, Iraq, Bangladesh, Pakistan (April 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic, Palestinian Territories, Democratic Republic of Congo  (April 2019)

To Spain: Morocco, Guinea Conakry, Mali, Ivory Coast, Senegal (April 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey  (April 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

 

As of 25 August 2016, there are approximately 3, 1 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians (2,726,980) who are granted temporary protection status. In addition, there are 422.895 foreign nationals

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

Cumulatively from the first week of June 2015 to 25 August 2016, 135,584 individuals have crossed the border into Haitian territory. 34.7% were female while 65.3% were male and 2,110 presumed unaccompanied minors were identified.

This map illustrates the main needs by area. During round 5, data was collected on the most important needs for IDPs in each type of settlement and location.

Flow Monitoring Statistical Reports present data on migrant flows in Libya, which is gathered at key points where migrants gather and transit in Libya.

3,075 Interviews were conducted between May and August 2016 by IOM in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Hungary, Serbia, and from June to August in Italy.

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

Flow monitoring points are placed at known migrant passing points along the Niger migratory route.

Les points de suivi des flux sont placés dans des endroits de passages sur la route migratoire du Niger.

From April to July 2016, 2,272 interviews were conducted in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Hungary, Serbia, and Italy.

There are approximately 3.1 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians (2,823,987 individuals) who were granted temporary protection status.

The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has started tracking the movement of irregular migrants planning to travel to Europe in Northern Mali.

This map illustrates IDP shelter arrangements. 16% of IDP households stay in public or informal shelter arrangements. 84% of IDP households stay in private settings, either self-paid, paid by others, or hosted with relatives or non-relatives.

La Matrice de Suivi des Déplacements (DTM) de l’OIM a débuté un suivi des mouvements de migrants irréguliers en partance pour l’Europe dans le Nord du Mali.

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

La Matrice de Suivi des Déplacements (DTM) de l’OIM a débuté un suivi des mouvements de migrants irréguliers en partance pour l’Europe dans le Nord du Mali.

Cumulatively from the first week of June 2015 to 28 July 2016, 74,424 households representing 128,993 individuals have crossed the border into Haitian territory. 34.8% were female while 65.2% were male. 1,805 presumed unaccompanied minors were identified.

The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has started tracking the movement of irregular migrants planning to travel to Europe in Northern Mali.

Les points de suivi des flux sont placés dans des endroits de passages sur la route migratoire du Niger.

Between 28 June and 25 July 2016, a total of 273,625 migrants were registered going through the transit points. This included a total of 210,624 outgoing migrants and 63,000 incoming migrants during the reporting period.

The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has started tracking the movement of irregular migrants planning to travel to Europe in Northern Mali. Most migrants come from countries in sub-Saharan countries, and West Africa in particular.

La Matrice de Suivi des Déplacements (DTM) de l’OIM a débuté un suivi des mouvements de migrants irréguliers en partance pour l’Europe dans le Nord du Mali.

In June 2016 there were an estimated 3.1 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most were Syrians (2,733,044 individuals) who were granted temporary protection status.

2,066,783 IDPs (344,564 households) were identified in Adamawa, Bauchi, Benue, Borno, Gombe, Taraba, Yobe, Nasarawa, Plateau, Kaduna, Kano, Zamfara states and Abuja FCT.

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Operation
Round
Component
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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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