Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
683
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Latest figures

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Legend
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
04 Jul - 10 Jul

Current week
11 Jul - 17 Jul

Bulgaria

38

121

218%

Greece

1,129

1,166

3%

Italy

356

21

-94%

Malta

165

0

-100%

Spain

342

1,360

297%

Total first arrival countries*

2,030

2,668

31%

Registered Migrants in Other countries*

Bosnia and Herzegovina

0

2,921

0%

Montenegro

124

118

-4%

Romania

8

38

375%

Serbia

115

380

230%

North Macedonia

46

22

-52%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Tunisia, Algeria, Iraq, Bangladesh, Pakistan (April 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic, Palestinian Territories, Democratic Republic of Congo  (April 2019)

To Spain: Morocco, Guinea Conakry, Mali, Ivory Coast, Senegal (April 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey  (April 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

 

This week’s report focuses on providing an analysis on migrants and refugees travelling along the Central Mediterranean Route and the Eastern Mediterranean Route. The first section provides analysis on interviewees` responses to human trafficking and other exploitative prevalence indicators.

In September 2016, there were approximately 3.1 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection.

Depuis Août 2016, le gouvernement du Niger met en oeuvre des mesures plus strictes pour contrôler la migration irrégulière.

Flow monitoring points are placed at known migrant passing points along the Niger migratory route.

The total number of arrivals to Europe by 30 September 2016 is 324,442 compared to 523,970 in the same period of 2015. Flows decreased by 96% from the first quarter of 2016 as compared to the second one.

As of 29 September 2016, there are approximately 3, 1 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking for the international protection. Most of them are Syrians (2,736,032) who were granted temporary protection status. In addition, there are 422.895 foreign nationals

La Matrice de Suivi des Déplacements (DTM) de l’OIM a débuté un suivi des mouvements de migrants irréguliers dans les régions de Gao et Ségou (Benena).

Cumulatively since the first week of June 2015 to 29 September 2016, 84,405 households representing 143,094 individuals have crossed the border into Haitian territory. 34.3% were female while 65.7% were male. 2,273 presumed unaccompanied minors were identified.

This report presents DTM Libya’s third round of statistical findings from its Flow Monitoring baseline assessments.

The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has started tracking the movement of irregular migrants in the regions of Gao and Segou (in Benena).

Cumulatively from the first week of June 2015 to 22 September 2016, 83,195 households representing 141,506 individuals have crossed the border into Haitian territory. 34.4% were female while 65.6% were male. 2,244 presumed unaccompanied minors were identified.

The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has started tracking the movement of irregular migrants in the regions of Gao and Segou (in Benena).

This report contains findings collected from 2,988 Flow Monitoring surveys conducted between 12 July and 16 September 2016 in Libya. Of the migrants surveyed, the following analysis will be specific to the 5% female migrants (145 individuals) surveyed in this period.

La Matrice de Suivi des Déplacements (DTM) de l’OIM a débuté un suivi des mouvements de migrants irréguliers dans les régions de Gao et Ségou (Benena).

This report presents the analytical findings from DTM’s Flow Monitoring survey profiles conducted between 14 August and 16 September 2016.

This week’s report focuses on providing an analysis on migrants and refugees travelling along the Central Mediterranean Route and the Eastern Mediterranean Route. The first section provides analysis on interviewees` responses to human trafficking and other exploitative prevalence indicators.

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

Libya’s Flow Monitoring statistical and analytical reports build on DTM’s Mobility Tracking Packages towards better articulating Libya’s human mobility profile. Flow Monitoring is part of IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM).

Les points de suivi des flux sont placés dans des endroits de passages sur la route migratoire du Niger.

Flow monitoring points are placed at known migrant passing points along the Niger migratory route.

La Matrice de Suivi des Déplacements (DTM) de l’OIM a débuté un suivi des mouvements de migrants irréguliers en partance pour l’Europe dans le Nord

This dashboard illustrates the key findings from Libya's Mobility Tracking Report 5 . DTM identified 348,372 IDPs of which 51% were female and 49% were male. DTM also recorded 310,265 returnees: 196,100 from 2015 and 114,095 from 2016.

This desk review report is the output of the first phase of IOM’s project implementation on data collection to enable a better understanding of migration flows from Afghanistan and Pakistan towards Europe.

This desk review report is the output of the first phase of IOM’s project implementation on data collection to enable a better understanding of migration flows from Afghanistan and Pakistan towards Europe.

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Operation
Round
Component
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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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