Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
683
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Latest figures

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Legend
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
04 Jul - 10 Jul

Current week
11 Jul - 17 Jul

Bulgaria

38

121

218%

Greece

1,129

1,166

3%

Italy

356

21

-94%

Malta

165

0

-100%

Spain

342

1,360

297%

Total first arrival countries*

2,030

2,668

31%

Registered Migrants in Other countries*

Bosnia and Herzegovina

0

2,921

0%

Montenegro

124

118

-4%

Romania

8

38

375%

Serbia

115

380

230%

North Macedonia

46

22

-52%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Tunisia, Algeria, Iraq, Bangladesh, Pakistan (April 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic, Palestinian Territories, Democratic Republic of Congo  (April 2019)

To Spain: Morocco, Guinea Conakry, Mali, Ivory Coast, Senegal (April 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey  (April 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

 

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

The data collection activity in the “Calais Jungle” has shown that the sample size predominantly consists of single Afghan males between the age of 18 and 25 years.

This report presents DTM Libya’s Flow Monitoring survey analysis results obtained from interviews with 1,946 migrants across 9 Flow Monitoring areas in Libya between the 17th of September and the 21st of October 2016.

The data collection in each of the field locations aimed to shed light on eight thematic areas:

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

This report contains the findings of IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) from surveys conducted from January to November 2016. This is a summary analysis of surveys that has been carried out by IOM field staff in Greece, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Croatia, Slovenia, Serbia, H

Looking across Europe, arrivals to Greece and Italy alone account for 92.9% of the 366,350 arrivals in 2016 (as of 16 November 2016). Congruently, nearly all new arrivals in 2016 have come to Europe by sea (93.8%).

Between January 2016 and 6 November 2016 IOM field staff in Greece, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, Hungary, Bulgaria and Italy conducted interviews with 13,159 migrants and refugees.

As of 31 October 2016, the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has identified 1,822,541 internally displaced persons (IDPs) - 321, 514 families - displaced since the escalation of violence in 2014.

This Site Assessment Dashboard identified 161 camps and camp-like settings (formal and informal camps) housing 398,749 IDPs. 55% (or 130,131) of the IDP Children population are female and 56% of the IDP population are females. 5.4% (or 21,539) of the IDP population are above 60 years old.

La Matrice de Suivi des Déplacements (DTM) de l’OIM a débuté un suivi des mouvements de migrants irréguliers dans les régions de Gao et Ségou (Benena).

The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has started tracking the movement of irregular migrants in the regions of Gao and Segou (in Benena).

Cumulatively since the first week of June 2015 until 3 November 2016, 89,039 households representing 149,493 individuals have crossed the border into Haitian territory. 34.1% were female while 65.9% were male. 2,362 presumed unaccompanied minors were identified.

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

This week’s report focuses on providing an analysis on the responses provided by migrants and refugees travelling along the Central Mediterranean Route and the Eastern Mediterranean Route.

The past month has seen a significant decline in numbers of migrants transiting through the towns of Arlit and Séguédine in the region of Agadez.

Pendant le mois d’Octobre le nombre de migrants transitant par les villes d’Arlit et de Séguédine où sont situés les points de suivi des flux ont baissé.

As of 26 October 2016, there are approximately 3, 1 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking for the international protection.

La Matrice de Suivi des Déplacements (DTM) de l’OIM a débuté un suivi des mouvements de migrants irréguliers dans les régions de Gao et Ségou (Benena).

The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has started tracking the movement of irregular migrants in the regions of Gao and Segou (in Benena).

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

Looking at cumulative arrivals, the number of migrants from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan (SIA) is decreasing and the number from Africa, particularly Nigeria and Eritrea, is increasing.

The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has started tracking the movement of irregular migrants in the regions of Gao and Segou (in Benena).

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

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