Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
683
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Latest figures

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Legend
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
04 Jul - 10 Jul

Current week
11 Jul - 17 Jul

Bulgaria

38

121

218%

Greece

1,129

1,166

3%

Italy

356

21

-94%

Malta

165

0

-100%

Spain

342

1,360

297%

Total first arrival countries*

2,030

2,668

31%

Registered Migrants in Other countries*

Bosnia and Herzegovina

0

2,921

0%

Montenegro

124

118

-4%

Romania

8

38

375%

Serbia

115

380

230%

North Macedonia

46

22

-52%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Tunisia, Algeria, Iraq, Bangladesh, Pakistan (April 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic, Palestinian Territories, Democratic Republic of Congo  (April 2019)

To Spain: Morocco, Guinea Conakry, Mali, Ivory Coast, Senegal (April 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey  (April 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

 

Until 31 December 2016, there were 181,463 cumulative arrivals in Italy, compared to 153,842 arrivals recorded by the end of 2015. In contrast to that, Greece has seen a 79% decrease in arrivals 2016 when compared to 2015, 176,654 and 857,363 respectively.

In response to the need for accurate and up-to-date information on displacement and human mobility resulting from the Boko Haram crisis in the Lake Chad basin, IOM activated its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in Nigeria in July 2014, Chad in January 2015, and Cameroon in November 2015.

In December 2016, there were approximately 3.1 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them were Syrians (2,823,987 individuals) who were granted temporary protection status.

The total number of arrivals to Europe by the end of December 2016 has been recorded as 387,739. This is in stark contrast to the 1,046,599 arrivals recorded in 2015.

There are approximately 3.1 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians (2,823,987 individuals) who were granted temporary protection status.

Looking across Europe, arrivals to Greece and Italy alone account for 93% of the 381,307 arrivals in 2016 (as of 14December 2016). Congruently, nearly all new arrivals in 2016 have come to Europe by sea (93.6%).

Since February 2016, IOM Niger has been carrying out flow monitoring of migrants at two points in Niger in the region of Agadez. 1,663 incoming individuals were observed in FMPs and 12,923 outgoing individuals were observed in FMPs during the reporting period.

The DTM Round 13 assessment focused on the six northeastern Nigerian states most affected by the ongoing conflict; Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba, and Yobe. The following DTM report covers a total of 106 LGAs and 751 wards.

La DTM es una herramienta multi-instrumento que monitorea el desplazamiento para proporcionar una visión de la situación en general y las características del flujo migratorio, incluyendo las personas que están en tr

This report contains the findings of IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) from surveys conducted from January to November 2016.

This report includes the finding of the data collected trough 43 assessments conducted in Libya between 21 November and 11 December in 6 different FMPs. In this reporting period, 775 migrants were identified across 6 FMPs in 3 areas.

The majority of respondents (57%) is from West African countries, followed by 19% from the Horn of Africa, 12% from North African countries and the remaining 10% from (Western and Central) Asian countries.

This week’s report focuses on providing an analysis on the responses provided by migrants and refugees travelling along the Central Mediterranean Route and the Eastern Mediterranean Route.

This report contains the findings of IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) from surveys conducted from January to November 2016. This is a summary analysis of surveys that has been carried out by IOM field s

La Matrice de Suivi des Déplacements (DTM) de l’OIM a débuté un suivi des mouvements de migrants irréguliers dans les régions de Gao et Ségou (Benena).

Most of the migrants are men (96%). 5% of migrants recorded at Gao and Benena FMPs are minors.

The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has started tracking the movement of irregular migrants in the regions of Gao and Segou (in Benena).

At the time of writing, there are approximately 3.1 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians (2,823,987 individuals) who were granted temporary protection status.

La Matrice de Suivi des Déplacements (DTM) de l’OIM a débuté un suivi des mouvements de migrants irréguliers dans les régions de Gao et Ségou (Benena).

This report contains the findings from the Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) conducted from June to November 2016 in Sicily, Apulia and Calabria, as part of IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) activities in the Mediterranean and beyond, which started in October 2015 with the aim to track and mon

This report focuses on findings from the Human Trafficking and Other Exploitative Practices Prevalence Indication Survey in the Central Mediterranean and the Eastern Mediterranean Routes between September and November 2016. The findings on this report are based on a sample of 3,002 migrants and r

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

Les points de suivi des flux sont placés dans des endroits de passages sur la route migratoire du Niger.

The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has started tracking the movement of irregular migrants in the regions of Gao and Segou (in Benena).

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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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