Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

Learn more Close
World map
Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
508
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
06 May - 12 May

Current week
13 May - 19 May

Cyprus

94

95

1%

Greece

426

671

57%

Italy

224

188

-16%

Spain

170

304

78%

Total first arrival countries*

914

1,258

38%

Registered Migrants in Other countries*

Bosnia and Herzegovina

0

1,697

0%

Romania

24

16

-33%

Serbia

45

402

793%

North Macedonia

8

47

487%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Bangladesh, Tunisia, Algeria, Iraq, Senegal (February 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Palestinian Territories, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Congo (February 2019)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Algeria, Guinea Conakry, Côte d'Ivoire (February 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Iraq (February 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

 

According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) currently there are more than 3,9 million foreign nationals persent in Turkish territory seeking international protection.

As part of IOM’s Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) preparedness activities, DTM operates Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) on the borders with Uganda (UGA), the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Central African Republic (CAR).

From 01 to 31 March 2019, 40,836 movements were observed at 8 flow monitoring points in the provinces of Muyinga, Cankuzo, Ruyigi and Rutana.

 Du 1er au 31 mars 2019, 40,836 mouvements ont été observés sur 8 points de transit dans les provinces de Muyinga, Cankuzo, Ruyigi et Rutana.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

Overall movements tracked by IOM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) of Cambodian nationals between Cambodia and Thailand in Poi Pet and Kamrieng districts during April 2019.

Some 30,000 children arrived in Greece, Italy, Bulgaria and Spain between January and December 2018, a 9 per cent drop compared to 2017. A total of 12,700 children were registered as unaccompanied and separated.

From 2 to 13 May, in close coordination with Mozambique’s National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC), IOM DTM (Displacement Tracking Matrix) teams conducted baseline assessments at Locality level (Localidade), which corresponds to the lowest administrative lev

Ce rapport présente les données collectées pendant le mois d'avril 2019 aux points de passage Faya, Kalait, dans le nord du Tchad, et Rig-Rig à l'ouest du pays, qui ont été installés afin d’observer les mouvements des voyageurs en transit.

The DTM Quarterly Regional Report is produced and published every 3 months to consolidate and present summary updates and highlights of regional population mobility situation.

Ce rapport présente des analyses sur des indicateurs clés collectés à travers les deux outils de suivi des flux mis en oeuvre par la matrice de suivi des déplacements (DTM), l'enregistrement et les enquêtes individuelles.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations in March 2019.

In Mali, Flow Monitoring Points are set up at key transit locations across the country (Gao, Timbuktu, Kidal, Menaka, Mopti, Kayes, Segou, Sikasso and Bamako) to monitor the movements of travelers coming from and headed to other countries in West and North Africa.

Au Mali, des points de suivi des flux (FMP) sont installés dans des lieux de transit clés du pays (Gao, Tombouctou, Kidal, Ménaka, Mopti, Kayes, Ségou, Sikasso et Bamako) afin d'enregistrer les mouvements de voyageurs en partance vers et en provenance d'autres pays en Afrique de l'Ouest et du Nor

Over the reporting period, a total of 107,706 movements were observed at eight (8) Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) at the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

Over the reporting period, a total of 31,089 individual movements were observed at six (6) Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) at the Ugandan (UGA) border with South Sudan (SSD). 71 per cent of population movements reported the duration of stay within a day to a week in the intended destination.

Displacement Tracking in Yemen includes the monitoring of key migrant and return locations on Yemen's northern border with Saudi Arabia and southern coastal border.

This report presents two types of Flow Monitoring dashboards for each country.

إن تتبع النزوح في اليمن يشمل مراقبة المواقع الرئيسية للمهاجرين الوافدين والعائدين في الحدود الشمالية لليمن مع المملكة العربية السعودية والحدود الساحلية الجنوبية.

Between January and March 2019 a total of 16,526 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe through different land and sea routes. More than a half of migrants and refugees were registered in Greece, Cyprus and Bulgaria after crossing the Eastern Mediterranean route.

تواصلت الاشتباكات على مدار الأسبوع الماضي في الأحياء المتأثّرة من النّزاع في جنوب طرابلس، إذ شهدت هذه الأحياء قصفا جويّا ومدفعي في عدّة مواقع منها.

Country
Operation
Round
Component
From date
To date

About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Contact

Image CAPTCHA

This website is funded by:


Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

Facebook
Website

Country Focal Persons