Europe

World map
Arrivals to Europe
1,239
By sea
By land
As of
Arrivals to Europe
95,348
2020
128,536
2019
147,683
2018
188,372
2017
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
39
2021
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
1,368
2020
1,885
2019
Latest figures

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Legend
Recent trends in arrivals and registrations

Country or area

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
31 Dec - 06 Jan

Current week
07 Jan - 13 Jan

First Arrival Countries

Greece

0

11

100%

Italy

290

70

-75%

Spain

1,456

88

-93%

Total*

1,746

169

-90%

Registered Migrants in Other Countries and Areas

Bosnia and Herzegovina

104

132

26%

Montenegro

17

0

-100%

Romania

43

145

237%

Serbia

512

576

12%

Total*

676

853

26%

* Arrivals to Cyprus are not available for this period.
** Arrivals include also other countries or areas for which data are available on a monthly basis and not on a weekly basis.

 Main countries or areas of origin for arrivals in Europe in 2020 as of Q1:

To Italy[1]: Bangladesh (14%), Côte d´Ivoire (14%), Sudan (10%), Algeria (9%), Morocco (7%).

To Greece: Afghanistan (39%), Syrian Arab Republic (25%), Somalia (6%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (5%), Iraq (4%).

To Spain: Algeria (33%), unspecified Sub-Saharan nationals (28%), Morocco (17%), Guinea (5%), Côte d´Ivoire (5%),

To Malta: Sudan (33%), Bangladesh (17%), Somalia (15%),  Eritrea[2](10%), Morocco (3%).

To Bulgaria[3]: Afghanistan (32%), Iraq (20%), Turkey (11%), Syrian Arab Republic (8%), Iran (7%).

 

[1] The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

[2] The information on nationality breakdown provided in this summary is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Maltese authorities.

[3] Nationality of persons registered at entry to Bulgaria.

 

Housing is a basic human need and is central to social, emotional and economic well-being. Housing is closely tied to the way migrants and host populations live, organize their lives and their sense of security.

In Week 47, from 15 November 2020 to 21 November 2020, a total of 4,287 movements were observed at various flow monitoring points (FMP) across Somalia, of which 79 per cent were incoming flows and 21 per cent were outgoing flows.

The current outbreak of COVID-19 has affected global mobility in the form of various travel disruptions and restrictions.

Afin de mieux comprendre les mouvements et tendances migratoires en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre, l’OIM, à travers la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (Displacement Tracking Matrix, DTM), met en œuvre l’activité de Suivi des flux de populations (Flow Monitor

In order to gain a better understanding of mobility flows and trends through West and Central Africa, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) implements the Displacement Tracking Matrix’s Flow Monitoring (FM) tool at key transit points across the regi

Following the border closure in Ethiopia and due to the stricter border management policies in Yemen, some of the migrants who we

Suite à la fermeture des frontières en Ethiopie et aux renforcements des contrôles frontaliers au Yémen, certains des migrants qu

During the month of October 2020, 7,223 movements were observed at flow monitoring points in Djibouti representing a daily average of 249 movements. This is a decrease of 1% in comparison of the 251 daily average movements observed in September.

Pendant le mois d'octobre 2020, 7 223 mouvements ont été observés aux points de suivi des flux de population à Djibouti, soit une moyenne journalière de 249 mouvements.

The current outbreak of COVID-19 has affected global mobility in the form of various travel disruptions and restrictions.

Ce document met en avant la reprise de la migration depuis les côtes de l’Afrique de l’Ouest vers les îles Canaries (Espagne) depuis 2018. Un nombre croissant d’individus opte pour cette route migratoires qui avait été notamment active en 2006. A ce jour, le taux d’échec est très important.

The COVID-19 outbreak has restricted global mobility, whilst heightening the risk of exploitation of vulnerable populations.

This document highlights the resumption of migration from the coasts of West Africa to Spain’s Canary Islands since 2018. While this route was active in the past, notably in 2006, a growing number of migrants have been taking this route.

Afin de mieux comprendre les mouvements et tendances migratoires en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre, l’OIM, à travers la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (Displacement Tracking Matrix, DTM), met en œuvre l’activité de Suivi des

IOM COVID-19 Impact on Points of Entry Bi-Weekly Analysis is meant to serve IOM Member States, IOM, UN and volunta

In Week 46, from 8 November 2020 to 14 November 2020, a total of 4,240 movements were observed at various flow monitoring points (FMP) across Somalia, of which 78 per cent were incoming flows and 22 per cent we

Le suivi des urgences a pour but de recueillir des informations sur les mouvements importants et soudains de populations. Les informations sont collectées à travers des entretiens avec des informateurs clés ou des observations directes.

The objective of the Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) is to collect information on large and sudden population movements.

Malgré les dangers rencontrés le long de la route de la Méditerranée Centrale, et les prix élevés des passages des frontières, la migration irrégulière a continué d’attirer de nombreux Burkinabè, motivés par l’espoir d’une vie meilleure et sans conflits.

La présente étude s’intéresse à l’impact des crédits contractés par les migrants de retour sur leur réintégration en Côte d’Ivoire.

Most migrants who return to the Gambia are indebted. Loans are contracted either in the context of migrating, or to cover personal and professional expenses.

Les coûts imprévus et les risques liés à la migration irrégulière dissuadent certains migrants qui décident de rentrer dans leurs pays d’origine. Un facteur en particulier va influencer significativement les conditions de réintégration du migrant de retour : il s’agit de son endettement.

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DATA STORIES

About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

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