Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
By sea
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe




Previous week
04 Jun - 10 Jun

Current week
11 Jun - 17 Jun













Total first arrival countries*




Registered Migrants in Other countries*













North Macedonia




*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.


Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Bangladesh, Tunisia, Algeria, Iraq, Senegal (February 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Palestinian Territories, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Congo (February 2019)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Algeria, Guinea Conakry, Côte d'Ivoire (February 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Iraq (February 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.


This report presents data collected at key transit points in Faya, Kalait and Rig-Rig, in Northern and Western Chad. These Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) were set up in order to monitor the movements of travellers in transit through the country. The FMP in Rig-Rig was installed in April 2019.

The DTM Monthly Regional Snapshot contains summary updates of DTM field operations. It is published on a monthly basis and covers the East Africa and Horn of Africa Region.

La DTM au Niger observe les flux migratoires à sept Point de suivi des flux (FMP) à travers le pays : Arlit, Séguédine, Madama, Dan Issa, Dan Barto, Tahoua et Magaria.

DTM Niger monitors migration flows at seven key transit points around the country: Arlit, Séguédine, Madama, Dan Issa, Dan Barto, Tahoua and Magaria. In April 2019, 2,105 individuals were on average observed crossing FMPs daily.

Since DTM’s last update on 17 May, an additional 1,455 displaced families (approximately 7,275 individuals) were identified, bringing the total to at least 16,460 families (approximately 82,300 individuals) who have

Le mois d'avril a connu una baisse de 8% du nombre de personnes observées par rapport au mois précédent. Cependent, les données montrent une augmentation de 180 personnes déplacées pour cause de conflit, passant de 171 personnes en mars à 351 personnes en avril.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) currently there are more than 3,9 million foreign nationals persent in Turkish territory seeking international protection.

As part of IOM’s Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) preparedness activities, DTM operates Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) on the borders with Uganda (UGA), the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Central African Republic (CAR).

From 01 to 31 March 2019, 40,836 movements were observed at 8 flow monitoring points in the provinces of Muyinga, Cankuzo, Ruyigi and Rutana.

 Du 1er au 31 mars 2019, 40,836 mouvements ont été observés sur 8 points de transit dans les provinces de Muyinga, Cankuzo, Ruyigi et Rutana.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

Overall movements tracked by IOM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) of Cambodian nationals between Cambodia and Thailand in Poi Pet and Kamrieng districts during April 2019.

Some 30,000 children arrived in Greece, Italy, Bulgaria and Spain between January and December 2018, a 9 per cent drop compared to 2017. A total of 12,700 children were registered as unaccompanied and separated.

From 2 to 13 May, in close coordination with Mozambique’s National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC), IOM DTM (Displacement Tracking Matrix) teams conducted baseline assessments at Locality level (Localidade), which corresponds to the lowest administrative lev

Ce rapport présente les données collectées pendant le mois d'avril 2019 aux points de passage Faya, Kalait, dans le nord du Tchad, et Rig-Rig à l'ouest du pays, qui ont été installés afin d’observer les mouvements des voyageurs en transit.

Inflows of newly-arrived IDPs peaked at over 1,100 families per week in the week of 28 September and 5 October. There was a sharp, 74% decrease from 5 to 19 October.

روند ورودی بیجاشـدگان داخیل تازه وارد در هفته ۲۸ ب سـپتم ایل ۵ اکتوبر، به بیشر ت از ۱۱۰۰ ی فامیـل م سـید و در تاریـخ ۵ ایل ۱۹ اکتوبـر ٪۷۴ کاهـش را نشـان میدهـد.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations in March 2019.

In Mali, Flow Monitoring Points are set up at key transit locations across the country (Gao, Timbuktu, Kidal, Menaka, Mopti, Kayes, Segou, Sikasso and Bamako) to monitor the movements of travelers coming from and headed to other countries in West and North Africa.

Au Mali, des points de suivi des flux (FMP) sont installés dans des lieux de transit clés du pays (Gao, Tombouctou, Kidal, Ménaka, Mopti, Kayes, Ségou, Sikasso et Bamako) afin d'enregistrer les mouvements de voyageurs en partance vers et en provenance d'autres pays en Afrique de l'Ouest et du Nor

Over the reporting period, a total of 107,706 movements were observed at eight (8) Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) at the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

From date
To date

About is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform,, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.


The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.



This website is funded by:

Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team


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