Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
142,962
2018 *
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
*IOM estimates
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
203
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,297
2018
3,139
2017
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
07 Jan - 13 Jan

Current week
14 Jan - 20 Jan

Cyprus

55

23

-58%

Greece

296

677

128%

Italy

53

102

92%

Spain

589

2,034

245%

Total first arrival countries*

993

2,836

186%

Serbia

164

60

-63%

the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

22

9

-59%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Tunisia, Eritrea, Iraq, Sudan, Pakistan (November 2018)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Cameroon, Palestinian Territories (November 2018)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Guinea Conakry, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire (November 2018)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Turkey (November 2018)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.
 

Out of 4,549 individuals surveyed, 45% listed countries other than Turkey as their intended destination at the time of the interview.

As of 6 June 2017, there are approximately 3,3 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians 3,028,226 who were granted temporary protection status. In addition, there are 574,893 foreign nationals holding residency permit status

According to available data, there have been 46,015 new arrivals to Greece, Italy, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Spain between 1 January and 30 April 2017.

As of 2 May 2017, there are approximately 3,3 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians 2,992,567 who were granted temporary protection status. In addition, there are 542,302 foreign nationals holding

This report focuses on findings from the Human Trafficking and Other Exploitative Practices Prevalence Indication Survey in Italy (Central Mediterranean route), Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Serbia and the

This report attempts to identify the change in transit countries that migrants took to reach Western Europe before and after the closure of the Western Balkans route and implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement. The analysis is based on IOM DTM Flow  Monitoring Surveys.

This week’s report focuses on providing an analysis on the responses provided by migrants and refugees travelling along the Eastern Mediterranean Route.

In March 2017, there were approximately 3.2 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection.

As of 3 April 2017, there are approximately 3,2 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians 2,969,669 who were granted temporary protection status. In addition, there are 530,606 foreign nationals holding

Between 1 January and 31 December 2016, 100,264 children arrived in Greece, Italy, Spain and Bulgaria, of whom 33,806 (34%) were unaccompanied or separated children (UASC).

The total number of arrivals to Europe by the end of March 2017 has been recorded as 30,465 with more than 29,000 counted as sea arrivals to Greece, Italy and Spain. This is in stark contrast to the 175,056 arrivals recorded in the same period 2016.

As of 31 March 2017, there were an estimated 24,292 cumulative arrivals to Italy, compared to 18,777 arrivals recorded in the same month in 2016. Greece has seen a 97% decrease in arrivals in March 2017 when compared to the same period in 2016, 4,252 and 152,617 respectively.

Until 28 February 2017, there were 13,439 cumulative arrivals to Italy, compared to 9,101 arrivals recorded in the same month in 2016 (a 48% increase). Greece has seen a 98% lower number of arrivals in February 2017 when compared to the same period in 2016, 2,611 and 125,494 respectively.

This report contains a summary analysis of the flow monitoring surveys conducted with 4,477 Afghan and Pakistani migrants interviewed along the Western Balkans route in the period between January and November 2016.

As of 2 March 2017, there are approximately 3,2 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians 2,941,102 who were granted temporary protection status. In addition, there are 461,217 foreign nationals holding

Until 31 January 2017, there were 4,480 cumulative arrivals to Italy, compared to 5,273 arrivals recorded in the same month in 2016 (a 15% decrease). Greece has seen a 97% lower number of arrivals in January 2017 when compared to the same period in 2016, 1,387 and 67,954 respectively.

This report contains an analysis of the responses provided by migrants and refugees travelling along the Central and the Eastern Mediterranean routes and interviewed under IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) activities in 2017.

As of 26 January 2017, there are approximately 3,1 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians 2,880,325 who were granted temporary protection status. In addition, there are 461,217 foreign nationals holding

DTM conducted 2,163 individual interviews with migrants in 4 provinces in Turkey between 23 November 2016 and 23 January 2017. 72% of the interviewees listed countries other than Turkey as their intended destination.

Until 31 December 2016, there were 181,463 cumulative arrivals in Italy, compared to 153,842 arrivals recorded by the end of 2015. In contrast to that, Greece has seen a 79% decrease in arrivals 2016 when compared to 2015, 176,654 and 857,363 respectively.

The total number of arrivals to Europe by the end of December 2016 has been recorded as 387,739. This is in stark contrast to the 1,046,599 arrivals recorded in 2015.

Looking across Europe, arrivals to Greece and Italy alone account for 93% of the 381,307 arrivals in 2016 (as of 14December 2016). Congruently, nearly all new arrivals in 2016 have come to Europe by sea (93.6%).

There are approximately 3.1 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians (2,823,987 individuals) who were granted temporary protection status.

In December 2016, there were approximately 3.1 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them were Syrians (2,823,987 individuals) who were granted temporary protection status.

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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

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