Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
142,962
2018 *
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
*IOM estimates
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
203
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,297
2018
3,139
2017
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
07 Jan - 13 Jan

Current week
14 Jan - 20 Jan

Cyprus

55

23

-58%

Greece

296

677

128%

Italy

53

102

92%

Spain

589

2,034

245%

Total first arrival countries*

993

2,836

186%

Serbia

164

60

-63%

the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

22

9

-59%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Tunisia, Eritrea, Iraq, Sudan, Pakistan (November 2018)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Cameroon, Palestinian Territories (November 2018)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Guinea Conakry, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire (November 2018)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Turkey (November 2018)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.
 

As of 2 November 2017, there are approximately 3,6 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians 3,285,533 who were granted temporary protection status. In addition, there are 586,834 foreign nationals holding residency permit st

This brief summarizes results from the report “Migrant Vulnerability to Human Trafficking and Exploitation: Evidence from the Central and Eastern Mediterranean Migration Routes”. The data on which the report analysis is based was collected through a network of field workers as part of IOM’s DTM f

At the end of the third quarter of 2017, authorities in Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Spain and Cyprus registered 146,287 newly arrived migrants – less than half of the total arrivals recorded by the end of September 2016 (322,299).

Arrivals to Europe through the Mediterranean in the first nine months of 2017 are lower when compared to the same period in 2016.

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

In September 2017, there were approximat

As of 3 October 2017, there are approximately 3,5 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians 3,208,131 who were granted temporary protection status. In addition, there are 591,982 foreign nationals holding residency permit sta

The findings presented in this report come from a new UNICEF and International Organization for Migration (IOM) analysis of the journeys of some 11,000 migrant and refugee children (adolescents aged 14–17) and youth (18–24), as recorded in their responses to the Displacement Tracking Matrix Flow

As of 7 September 2017, there are approximately 3,5 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians 3,168,757 who were granted temporary protection status. In addition, there are 590,540 foreign nationals holding residency permit s

This report focuses on findings from the Human Trafficking and Other Exploitative Practices Prevalence Indication Survey 

This report contains an analysis of the responses provided by Nigerian migrants and refugees travelling along the Central Mediterranean Route and interviewed in Italy since June 2016 under IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix activities.

As of 31 August 2017, national authorities in Greece, Italy, Cyprus, Bulgaria and Spain registered 131,167 newly arrived migrants mostly from the Middle East, Africa, South and Central Asia which is in a sharp contrast to 297,255 recorded during the same period in 2016 (56% decrease).

120,759 arrivals were registered in Greece, Italy, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Spain between January and July 2017, a 55% decrease compared to the same period in 2016.

The analysis focuses on the top five nationalities of respondents surveyed: Nigerians (14%), Pakistanis (9%), Guineans (8%), Gambians (8%), and Bangladeshis (7%).

As of 8 August 2017, there are approximately 3,4 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians 3,117,069 who were granted temporary protection status. In addition, there are 594,019 foreign nationals holding residency permit stat

By the end of June 2017, more than 100,000 migrants from Middle East, Asia and Africa reached Europe.

According to available data, in the first half of 2017, there were more than 100,000 arrivals to Greece, Italy, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Spain (101,559). This represents a 58% decrease when compared to the same period in 2016 when 239,925 arrivals were registered.

This report provides comparative analysis of migrants` demographic profile, transit routes, and their future travel intentions between two time periods: January - June 2016 and January - June 2017. The analysis presents findings about all migrants surveyed.

As of 4 July 2017, there are approximately 3,4 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians 3,069,693 who were granted temporary protection status. In addition, there are 587,866 foreign nationals holding residency permit status

Bangladeshi migration to Italy is increasing since the mid-2000s: there are almost 143,000 regular residents (2016). 8,131 Bangladeshi migrants arrived by sea in 2016 (4.5% of total arrivals by sea); 7,106 arrived by sea between January and May 2017 (11.8% of the total).

In June 2017, there were approximately 3.4 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection.

According to available data, there have been 72,377 new arrivals to Greece, Italy, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Spain between 1 January and 31 May 2017.

This report provides analysis of migrants' demographic profile, transit routes, reasons for leaving countries of origin or habitual residence, and their future travel intentions.

Seventy-nine per cent of 2,769 interviewed migrants in Italy responded positively to at least one of the four human trafficking and other exploitative practices indicators based on their own experience.

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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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