Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
508
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
06 May - 12 May

Current week
13 May - 19 May

Cyprus

94

95

1%

Greece

426

671

57%

Italy

224

188

-16%

Spain

170

304

78%

Total first arrival countries*

914

1,258

38%

Registered Migrants in Other countries*

Bosnia and Herzegovina

0

1,697

0%

Romania

24

16

-33%

Serbia

45

402

793%

North Macedonia

8

47

487%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Bangladesh, Tunisia, Algeria, Iraq, Senegal (February 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Palestinian Territories, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Congo (February 2019)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Algeria, Guinea Conakry, Côte d'Ivoire (February 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Iraq (February 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

 

In northern Niger, two flow monitoring points have been activated since February 2016 in the city of Séguédine and Arlit, followed by the activation of new flow monitoring points in Dan Barto, Magaria and Tahoua in August 2018 and the point in Dan Issa in September 2018.

Dans le Nord du Tchad, un point de suivi a été installé depuis avril 2017 dans la ville de Kalait, suivi par l'installation de points de suivi à Faya et Zouarké en mars 2018. Ce rapport présente les données recueillies au cours du mois de décembre 2018.

In December, a total of 25,884 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a slight decrease in comparison with November when 28,138 movements were observed.

La segunda ronda DTM es el resultado de un análisis exhaustivo de 1.953 encuestas realizadas en los meses de agosto y septiembre de 2018.

Through Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) installed on major routes connecting to Herat City, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) has been monitoring inflows of drought-affected IDPs, since 9 September 2018.

IOM Uganda monitors migration flows along the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) through six strategically located flow monitoring points (FMP).

 Au Burkina Faso, des Points de suivi des flux (FMP) sont installés sur plusieurs lieux de transit importants à Ouagadougou, Dori/Seytenga, Kantchari, Faramana et Yendere.

La Organización Internacional para las Migraciones (OIM), en implementó el monitoreo del flujo de personas migrantes que y de San Salvador, El Salvador, el 16 de enero de 2019.

In December 2018, the average daily number of individuals observed at the Flow Monitoring Points decreased by 2 per cent compared to the previous month.

Au Mali, des points de suivi des flux (FMP) ont été installés depuis juillet 2016 dans différents lieux stratégiques, notammant à Gao, Tombouctou, Kidal, Ménaka, Mopti, Kayes, Ségou, Sikasso et Bamako, et font

En Guinée, 5 points de suivi ont été installés depuis avril 2017 dans les localités frontalières avec le Mali et le Sénégal dont 3 sont actifs à ce jour. Il s’agit des localités de Kouremalé, Nafadji et Boundoufourdou où l’on observe les mouvements des voyageurs.

La Organización Internacional para las Migraciones (OIM), en coordinación con el Instituto Guatemalteco de Migración, implementó el monitoreo del flujo de personas migrantes que partieron de San Pedro Sula, Honduras el 15 de enero de 2019, y de San Salvador, El Salvador, el 16 de enero de 2019.

Ce rapport est composé d'un ensemble d'infographies et de cartes des différentes tendances migratoires au Tchad. Il traite d'un grand nombre de mouvements de population recensés depuis, vers et au sein du territoire tchadien et dresse une vue générale des populations en mouvement.

La Organización Internacional para las Migraciones (OIM), en coordinación con el lnstituto Guatemalteco de Migración, implementó el monitoreo del flujo de personas migrantes que partieron de San Pedro Sula, Honduras, el 15 de enero de 2019, y de San Salvador, El Salvador, el 16 de enero de 2019.

La Organización Internacional para las Migraciones (OIM), en coordinación con el lnstituto Guatemalteco de Migración, implementó el monitoreo del flujo de personas migrantes que partieron de San Pedro Sula, Honduras, el 15 de enero de 2019, y de San Salvador, El Salvador, el 16 de enero de 2019.

Uruguay se ha caracterizado desde las últimas décadas por ser un país expulsor de población, reduciéndose la inmigración a los movimientos fronterizos desde Brasil y Argentina.

This report presents two types of Flow Monitoring dashboards for each country.

In December 2018, 163,491 movements (76,743 inflows and  86,748 outflows) of Myanmar nationals between Thailand and Myanmar were tracked by IOM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) in the Mae Sot and Phop Phra districts of Tak province, Thailand.

IOM Uganda monitors migration flows along the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) through six strategically located flow monitoring points (FMP).

From mid-August until mid-October 2018, IOM Thailand conducted a second round of data collection in the districts of Mae Sot and Phop Phra in Tak Province, Thailand. A total of 3,233 Myanmar nationals were surveyed, of whom 3,013 were identified as migrant workers.

According to the latest available figures from the Turkish Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) currently there are more than 3,9 mil. foreign nationals preset in Turkish territory seeking international protection.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

Italy has been the main entry point for unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) in Europe over the last years. 45,000 UASC arrived in Italy by sea between January 2016 and September 2018 - and continues to be also in 2018 together with Spain.

Country
Operation
Round
Component
From date
To date

About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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