Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
683
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Latest figures

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Legend
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
04 Jul - 10 Jul

Current week
11 Jul - 17 Jul

Bulgaria

38

121

218%

Greece

1,129

1,166

3%

Italy

356

21

-94%

Malta

143

0

-100%

Spain

342

1,360

297%

Total first arrival countries*

2,008

2,668

33%

Registered Migrants in Other countries*

Albania

0

44

0%

Bosnia and Herzegovina

0

2,921

0%

Montenegro

124

118

-4%

Romania

8

38

375%

Serbia

115

380

230%

North Macedonia

46

22

-52%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Tunisia, Pakistan, Algeria, Iraq, Bangladesh (May 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Palestinian Territories, Iraq, Democratic Republic of Congo  (May 2019)

To Spain: Guinea Conakry, Morocco, Mali, Côte d´Ivoire, the Gambia (May 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, Iraq, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey  (May 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

 

Flow monitoring points are placed at known migrant passing points along the Niger migratory route. Data is collected daily at FMPs to inform migrant movements and profiles.

Since February 2016, a total of 16,660 migrants were recorded by the flow monitoring point in Séguédine, Niger. This included a total of 11,163 outgoing and 5,437 incoming migrants.

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

Cumulatively from the first week of June 2015 to 21 April 2016, 51,114 households representing 89,538 individuals have crossed the border into Haitian territory. 34.3% were female while 65.7% were male. 1,308 presumed unaccompanied minors were identified.

Over the last months, increasing reports from IOM field staff in various locations along the Eastern Mediterranean and Western Balkan Routes alerted IOM to the acute need for reliable data on the prevalence of trafficking and other forms of exploitation of migrants and refugees.

Reporting Period: 12—18 April 2016

Les points de suivi des flux sont placés dans des endroits de passages sur la route migratoire du Niger.

Reporting Period: 5—11 April 2016

Les points de suivi des flux sont placés dans des endroits de passages sur la route migratoire du Niger.

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

Between 8 October 2015 and 4 April 2016 IOM field staff in Greece, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Croatia, Slovenia and Hungary amassed interviews with 8,987 migrants and refugees, of which 135 people were interviewed over the week from 28 March – 4 April 2016.

Les points de suivi des flux sont placés dans des endroits de passages sur la route migratoire du Niger.

Reporting Period: 29 March — 4 April 2016

In order to gather and disseminate information about the migrant populations moving through the Mediterranean, up to the Western Balkan Route and through the Northern Route into Europe, IOM rolled out a Flow Monitoring

Between 8 October 2015 and 29 March 2016 IOM field staff in Greece, fYROM, Croatia, Slovenia and Hungary amassed interviews with 8,845 migrants and refugees, of which 192 people were interviewed over the week from 22 – 28 March.

Les points de suivi des flux sont placés dans des endroits de passages sur la route migratoire du Niger.

Reporting Period: 22—28 March 2016

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

Cumulatively since the first week of June 2015 until 24 March 2016, 45,549 households representing 80,397 individuals have crossed the border into Haitian territory. 34.4% were female while 65.6% were male. 1,185 presumed unaccompanied minors were identified.

Between 8 October 2015 and 21 March 2016 IOM field staff in Greece, fYROM, Croatia, Slovenia and Hungary amassed interviews with 8,652 migrants and refugees, of which 94 people were interviewed over the week from 15 – 21 March.

Les points de suivi des flux sont placés dans des endroits de passages sur la route migratoire du Niger.

Reporting Period: 15—21 March 2016

In October 2015, IOM launched its Early Warning Information Sharing Network to commence sharing data between IOM, government agencies, and other humanitarian actors in affected countries of arriv

Between 8 October 2015 and 14 March 2016 IOM field staff in Greece, fYROM, Croatia, Slovenia and Hungary amassed interviews with 8, 544 migrants and refugees, of which 522 people were interviewed over the week from 9 – 14 March Individuals of Syrian, Afghan, Iraqi, nationalities comprised 93% of

Country
Operation
Round
Component
From date
To date

About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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