Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
683
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Latest figures

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Legend
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
04 Jul - 10 Jul

Current week
11 Jul - 17 Jul

Bulgaria

38

121

218%

Greece

1,129

1,166

3%

Italy

356

21

-94%

Malta

165

0

-100%

Spain

342

1,360

297%

Total first arrival countries*

2,030

2,668

31%

Registered Migrants in Other countries*

Bosnia and Herzegovina

0

2,921

0%

Montenegro

124

118

-4%

Romania

8

38

375%

Serbia

115

380

230%

North Macedonia

46

22

-52%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Tunisia, Algeria, Iraq, Bangladesh, Pakistan (April 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic, Palestinian Territories, Democratic Republic of Congo  (April 2019)

To Spain: Morocco, Guinea Conakry, Mali, Ivory Coast, Senegal (April 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey  (April 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

 

Du 1 au 28 Février 2019, 36,091 mouvements ont été observés sur 8 points de transit à savoir Mbundi et Rusumo (province Muyinga), Mukambati et Ntibitobangwa (province Cankuzo), Mungano et Kabuyenge (province Ruyigi), Kwa Elidadi et Kwa Ntunaguzi (province Rutana).

Following the onset of armed conflict on 04 April 2019 in South Tripoli, at least 8,385 families (approximately 41,925 individuals) have been displaced from their homes.

March was marked by a large influx into Wau PoC AA site and Masna collective centre following sustained violence in Jur River (Rocrocdong and Kuarjena).

Since the onset of armed conflict in the southern areas of Tripoli on 4 April 2019, the number of people affected has significantly increased, with at least 7,515 families (approximately 37,575 individuals) displaced from their homes.

Following the onset of armed conflict on 04 April 2019 in South Tripoli, at least 7,780 families (approximately 38,900 individuals) have been displaced from their homes. 

Au Sénégal, un point de suivi est installé depuis avril 2017 sur plusieurs lieux de transit importants à Tambacounda et observe plus particulièrement les mouvements quotidiens des bus de voyageurs en provenance et à destination du Mali, de la Gambie et de la Guinée.

ما فتئ عدد الأشخاص المتضررين يرتفع منذ نشوب النزاع المسلّح في المناطق الجنوبية من طرابلس في يوم 04 أبريل 2019، إذ أنّ ما لا يقلّ عن 7.515 أسرة (حوالي 37.575 فردا) قد نزحت من مساكنها.

Over the reporting period, a total of 97,600 movements were observed at eight (8) Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) at the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The incoming population into Uganda continued to be higher (65%) than outgoing to DRC (35%).

Over the reporting period, a total of 41,460 individual movements were observed at six (6) Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) at the Ugandan (UGA) border with South Sudan (SSD).

DTM’s Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) surveys people on the move at key transit points within South Sudan (SSD) and at its borders.

La DTM au Niger observe les flux migratoires à sept Point de suivi des flux (FMP) à travers le pays : Arlit, Séguédine, Madama, Dan Issa, Dan Barto, Tahoua et Magaria.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

Following the onset of armed conflict on 05 April 2019 in South Tripoli, at least 6,995 families (approximately 34,975 individuals) have been displaced from their homes.

Following the onset of armed conflict on 05 April 2019 in South Tripoli, at least 6,995 families (approximately 34,975 individuals) have been displaced from their homes.

Following the onset of armed conflict on 05 April 2019 in South Tripoli, at least 6,425 families (approximately 32,125 individuals) have been displaced from their homes.

Following the onset of armed conflict on 05 April 2019 in South Tripoli, at least 6,425 families (approximately 32,125 individuals) have been displaced from their homes.

Au Mali, des points de suivi des flux (FMP) sont installés dans des lieux de transit clés du pays (Gao, Tombouctou, Kidal, Ménaka, Mopti, Kayes, Ségou, Sikasso et Bamako) afin d'enregistrer les mouvements de voyageurs en partance vers et en provenance d'autres pays en Afriqzue de l'Ouest et du No

In Mali, Flow Monitoring Points are set up at key transit locations across the country (Gao, Timbuktu, Kidal, Menaka, Mopti, Kayes, Segou, Sikasso and Bamako) to monitor the movements of travelers coming from and headed to other countries in West and North Africa.

Following the onset of armed conflict on 05 April 2019 in South Tripoli, at least 6,425 families (approximately 32,125 individuals) have been displaced from their homes.

Country
Operation
Round
Component
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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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