Europe

World map
Arrivals to Europe
59,661
By sea
By land
As of
Arrivals to Europe
99,489
2020
128,536
2019
147,683
2018
188,372
2017
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
994
2021
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
1,419
2020
1,885
2019
Latest figures

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Legend
Recent trends in arrivals and registrations

Country or area

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
09 Jul - 15 Jul

Current week
16 Jul - 22 Jul

First Arrival Countries

Greece

14

19

35%

Italy

2,248

687

-69%

Spain

476

645

35%

Total*

2,738

1,351

-51%

Registered Migrants in Other Countries and Areas

Montenegro

79

38

-51%

Romania

58

20

-65%

Serbia

1,192

1,317

10%

Total*

1329

1375

3%

* Arrivals to Cyprus are not available for this period.
** Arrivals include also other countries or areas for which data are available on a monthly basis and not on a weekly basis.

 Main countries or areas of origin for arrivals in Europe in 2020 as of Q1:

To Italy[1]: Bangladesh (14%), Côte d´Ivoire (14%), Sudan (10%), Algeria (9%), Morocco (7%).

To Greece: Afghanistan (39%), Syrian Arab Republic (25%), Somalia (6%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (5%), Iraq (4%).

To Spain: Algeria (33%), unspecified Sub-Saharan nationals (28%), Morocco (17%), Guinea (5%), Côte d´Ivoire (5%),

To Malta: Sudan (33%), Bangladesh (17%), Somalia (15%),  Eritrea[2](10%), Morocco (3%).

To Bulgaria[3]: Afghanistan (32%), Iraq (20%), Turkey (11%), Syrian Arab Republic (8%), Iran (7%).

 

[1] The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

[2] The information on nationality breakdown provided in this summary is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Maltese authorities.

[3] Nationality of persons registered at entry to Bulgaria.

 

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Country
Operation
Round
Component
From date
To date

DATA STORIES

Migration Flows in Horn of Africa and Yemen

2018 overview on migration flows observed across The Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Somalia, and Djibouti) and Yemen.

Migration Flows in West & Central Africa

2018 overview on migration flows observed across West and Central Africa.

About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

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