Europe

World map
Arrivals to Europe
18,338
By sea
By land
As of
Arrivals to Europe
128,536
2019
147,683
2018
188,372
2017
390,005
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
240
2020
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
1,885
2019
2,299
2018
Latest figures

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Legend
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
20 Mar - 26 Mar

Current week
27 Mar - 02 Apr

Italy

12

44

266%

Malta

0

0

0%

Total first arrival countries*

12

44

267%

Registered Migrants in Other countries*

Bosnia and Herzegovina

0

14

0%

Montenegro

0

0

0%

Romania

0

5

0%

Serbia

616

125

-79%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 Main countries or areas of origin in 2019 as of November:

To Italy[1]: Tunisia (24%), Pakistan (11%), Côte d´Ivoire (10%), Algeria (9%), Iraq (8%).

To Greece: Afghanistan (42%), Syrian Arab Republic (25%), Iraq (5%), Palestinian Territories (5%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (5%).

To Spain: Morocco (30%), unspecified Sub-Saharan nationals (18%), Algeria (15%), Mali (9%), Guinea (9%).

To Cyprus: The Syrian Arab Republic (31%), Cameroon (15%), Pakistan (12%), Bangladesh (12%), Georgia (4%).

To Malta: Sudan (39%), Eritrea[2](7%), Nigeria (6%), Morocco (5%), Côte d´Ivoire (5%).

To Bulgaria[3]: Afghanistan (32%), Iraq (20%), Turkey (11%), Syrian Arab Republic (8%), Iran (7%).

 

[1] The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

[2] The information on nationality breakdown provided in this summary is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Maltese authorities.

[3] Nationality of persons registered at entry to Bulgaria.

 

This infopgraphic highlights the main characteristics of Middle Eastern and North African youth migrants (from Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, Iraq, Yemen and Libya) interviewed in Libya, South Eastern

As of 20th March 2020 (17:00 CET) data for the initial baseline assessment of Ports of Entry (PoE) has been collected and processed for 63 countries/areas as follows RO Bangkok: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Mongolia, Pakistan, Philippines; RO  Brussels: Belgium, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Denmark, Fra

This weekly situation report covers the reporting period between 1 to 14 March.

The Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are part of the IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) activities in the Mediterranean region, started in October 2015 and conducted within the framework of IOM’s research on populations on the move through the Mediterranean and Western Balkan Routes to Europe.

The current outbreak of COVID-19 has affected global mobility in the form of various travel disruptions and restrictions.

A total of 23,901 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points in February 2020. This represents an increase of31% compared to February 2019, where 18,236 movements were observed.

The current outbreak of COVID-19 has affected global mobility in the form of various travel disruptions and restrictions. To better understand how COVID-19 affects global mobility, DTM has developed a COVID-19 database mapping the different restrictions to provide a global overview.

The current outbreak of COVID-19 has affected global mobility in the form of various travel

Between 1 October to 31 December 2019, DTM Ethiopia surveyed a total of 1,703 migrants across five Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs). These FMPs are located in Humera, Metema, Galafi, Dawale and Tog Wochale.

DTM’s Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) surveys people on the move at key transit points within South Sudan (SSD) and at its borders.

IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix is monitoring movements into and out of Pibor UNMISS adjacent area. Rapid site flow monitoring captures only the most basic information on numbers, departure and destination points.

Au cours des 23 jours de collecte du mois de février, un total de 14 588 personnes de 21 nationalités à été comptabilisé aux quatre points de collecte.

In February 2020, a total of 10,907 movements were observed across Ethiopia’s five flow monitoring points (FMPs). This represents a 5% increase in daily average movement in comparison with January 2020 when an average of 359 movements per day were observed.

A total of 8,223 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe through different land and sea routes in January 2020, almost the same trend registered in January 2019, when 8,176 sea and land arrivals were reported, and 5 per cent less than the 8,680 arrivals registered both in January 2018 and January

The current outbreak of COVID-19 has affected global mobility in the form of various travel

Country
Operation
Round
Component
From date
To date

DATA STORIES

Migration Flows in Horn of Africa and Yemen

2018 overview on migration flows observed across The Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Somalia, and Djibouti) and Yemen.

Migration Flows in West & Central Africa

2018 overview on migration flows observed across West and Central Africa.

About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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