Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
683
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Latest figures

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Legend
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
04 Jul - 10 Jul

Current week
11 Jul - 17 Jul

Bulgaria

38

121

218%

Greece

1,129

1,166

3%

Italy

356

21

-94%

Malta

165

0

-100%

Spain

342

1,360

297%

Total first arrival countries*

2,030

2,668

31%

Registered Migrants in Other countries*

Bosnia and Herzegovina

0

2,921

0%

Montenegro

124

118

-4%

Romania

8

38

375%

Serbia

115

380

230%

North Macedonia

46

22

-52%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Tunisia, Algeria, Iraq, Bangladesh, Pakistan (April 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic, Palestinian Territories, Democratic Republic of Congo  (April 2019)

To Spain: Morocco, Guinea Conakry, Mali, Ivory Coast, Senegal (April 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey  (April 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

 

Since the onset of armed conflict in the southern areas of Tripoli on 04 April 2019, a significant number of people have been affected by the conflict.

En Guinée, 5 points de suivi ont été installés depuis avril 2017 dans les localités frontalières avec le Mali et le Sénégal dont 3 sont actifs à ce jour.

This report presents data collected at key transit points in Faya, Kalait, Rig-Rig and Sarh, in Northern, Western and Southern Chad. These Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) were set up in order to monitor the movements of travellers in transit through the country.

In May 2019, a total of 24 ,018 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points. This represents a significant decrease (29%) in comparison with April 2019 when 32 ,933 movements were observed.

From 01 to 30 April 2019, 46,630 movements were observed at 8 flow monitoring points in the provinces of Muy

 Du 1er au 30 avril 2019, 46,630 mouvements ont été observés sur 8 points de transit dans les provinces de Muyinga, Cankuzo, Ruyigi et Rutana.

In Nigeria, FMPs were established in March 2017 in several important transit locations in Sokoto and Kano to monitor the movements of passenger buses to and from Niger. This dashboard is an overview of the data collected in these FMPs in May 2019.

Detention Centre Profiling is a component of IOM Libya’s Displacement Matrix programme.

Ce rapport présente les données collectées pendant le mois de mai 2019 aux points de passage Faya, Kalait, dans le nord du Tchad, Rig-Rig à l'ouest du pays, et à Sarh dans le sud du pays, qui ont été installés afin d’observer les mouvements des voyageurs en transit.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

إن تتبع النزوح في اليمن يشمل مراقبة المواقع الرئيسية للمهاجرين الوافدين والعائدين في الحدود الشمالية لليمن مع المملكة العربية السعودية والحدود الساحلية الجنوبية.

Displacement Tracking in Yemen includes the monitoring of key migrant and return locations on Yemen's northern border with Saudi Arabia and southern coastal border.

DTM Niger monitors migration flows at seven key transit points around the country: Arlit, Séguédine, Madama, Dan Issa, Dan Barto, Tahoua and Magaria. In May 2019, 2,209 individuals were on average observed crossing FMPs daily.

La DTM au Niger observe les flux migratoires à sept Point de suivi des flux (FMP) à travers le pays : Arlit, Séguédine, Madama, Dan Issa, Dan Barto, Tahoua et Magaria.

In Mali, Flow Monitoring Points are set up at key transit locations across the country (Gao, Timbuktu, Kidal, Menaka, Mopti, Kayes, Segou, Sikasso and Bamako) to monitor the movements of travelers coming from and headed to other countries in West and North Africa.

Au Mali, des points de suivi des flux (FMP) sont installés dans des lieux de transit clés du pays (Gao, Tombouctou, Kidal, Ménaka, Mopti, Kayes, Ségou, Sikasso et Bamako) afin d'enregistrer les mouvements de voyageurs en partance vers et en provenance d'autres pays en Afrique de l'Ouest et du Nor

Over the reporting period, a total of 124,156 movements were observed at eight (8) Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) at the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Over the reporting period, a total of 33,667 individual movements were observed at six (6) Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) at the Ugandan (UGA) border with South Sudan (SSD).

Overall movements tracked by IOM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) of Cambodian nationals between Cambodia and Thailand at Ou Anlouk and O Rumdoul during May 2019.
 

In May 2019, 164,764 movements were tracked by IOM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) of Myanmar nationals between Thailand and Myanmar in Mae Sot and Phop Phra districts.

Country
Operation
Round
Component
From date
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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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