Europe

World map
Arrivals to Europe
17,492
By sea
By land
As of
Arrivals to Europe
99,475
2020
128,536
2019
147,683
2018
188,372
2017
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
449
2021
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
1,419
2020
1,885
2019
Latest figures

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Legend
Recent trends in arrivals and registrations

Country or area

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
01 Apr - 07 Apr

Current week
08 Apr - 14 Apr

First Arrival Countries

Greece

35

123

251%

Italy

1,048

38

-96%

Spain

322

210

-34%

Total*

1,405

371

-74%

Registered Migrants in Other Countries and Areas

Montenegro

72

110

52%

Romania

67

82

22%

Serbia

889

969

9%

North Macedonia

379

501

32%

Total*

1407

1662

18%

* Arrivals to Cyprus are not available for this period.
** Arrivals include also other countries or areas for which data are available on a monthly basis and not on a weekly basis.

 Main countries or areas of origin for arrivals in Europe in 2020 as of Q1:

To Italy[1]: Bangladesh (14%), Côte d´Ivoire (14%), Sudan (10%), Algeria (9%), Morocco (7%).

To Greece: Afghanistan (39%), Syrian Arab Republic (25%), Somalia (6%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (5%), Iraq (4%).

To Spain: Algeria (33%), unspecified Sub-Saharan nationals (28%), Morocco (17%), Guinea (5%), Côte d´Ivoire (5%),

To Malta: Sudan (33%), Bangladesh (17%), Somalia (15%),  Eritrea[2](10%), Morocco (3%).

To Bulgaria[3]: Afghanistan (32%), Iraq (20%), Turkey (11%), Syrian Arab Republic (8%), Iran (7%).

 

[1] The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

[2] The information on nationality breakdown provided in this summary is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Maltese authorities.

[3] Nationality of persons registered at entry to Bulgaria.

 

Between 4 April 2016 and 3 March 2021, 2,139* migrants have been readmitted to Turkey from Greece. Main points of return from Greece include Lesbos, Chios, Kos and Samos, while the main readmission points to Turkey include Dikili, Çeşme, Bodrum and Adana airport.

IOM Yemen DTM’s Flow Monitoring Registry (FMR) monitors key migrant arrival and Yemeni return locations on Yemen's northern border with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and southern coastal border.

The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in the East and Horn of Africa (EHoA) region is currently active in eight countries (Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda, and the Un

In January 2021, a total of 17,316 movements were observed across Ethiopia’s five flow monitoring points (FMPs) whereby outgoing movements during January have continued to be significantly higher (77%) than incoming movements (23%). The percentage of outgoing versus incoming movements have climbe

Following the border closure in Ethiopia and due to the stricter border management policies in Yemen, some of the migrants who were transiting through Djibouti on their way to or from the Arabian Peninsula foun

In order to gain a better understanding of mobility flows and trends through West and Central Africa, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) implements the Displacement Tracking Matrix’s Flow Monitoring (FM) tool at key transit points across the region. 

Suite à la fermeture des frontières en Ethiopie et aux renforcements des contrôles frontaliers au Yémen, certains des migrants qui transitaient par Djibouti en

El 11 de marzo del 2020, debido a los niveles alarmantes de propagación y gravedad del virus COVID-19, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declaró estado de pandemia.

Due to the alarming levels of propagation and the serious nature of the COVID-19 virus, on 11 March 2020, the OMS declared the State of Pandemic. On the same date, Honduras confirmed its first two cases of COVID-19.

L'Outil de suivi des zones de départ surveille les événements liés aux mouvements migratoires des côtes du Sénégal vers les îles Canaries espagnols (qui, le plus souvent, se déroulent à travers plusieurs étapes intermédiaires), dans le but de documenter la mobilité le long de la route atlantique

The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in the East and Horn of Africa (EHoA) region is currently active in eight countries (Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda, and the United Republic of Tanzania), and its methodology includes four mai

The Departure Area Monitoring Tool monitors events relating to migratory movements from the coasts of Senegal to the Spanish Canary Islands (which, most frequently, are conducted through several intermediate stages), with the aim of documenting mobility along the West African Atlantic Route (WAA

Ce rapport de situation présente les dernières informations sur la situation relative à la résurgence du virus Ebola recensée depuis février 2021 en Guinée.

This report provides latest information on the Ebola epidemic which has affected Guinea since February 2021.

This document is a compilation of data collected by IOM from the Italian, Spanish, Greek and Maltese interior ministries on migratory movements from to Europe between 2017 and 2020.

TCe document est une compilation des données recueillies par l’OIM auprès des ministères de l’intérieur italien, espagnol, grecque et maltais sur les mouvements migratoires en provenance d'Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre à destination de l’Europe entre 2017 et 2020.

In Week 10 (2021), from 28 February-6 March 2021, a total of 4,266 movements were observed at seven flow monitoring points (FMP) across Somalia, of which 55 per cent were incoming f

As the COVID-19 pandemic emerged globally, migrant workers, both internationally and within Bangladesh, found themselves facing a new set of challenges and vulnerabilities.

El complejo panorama político y socioeconómico de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela ha generado uno de los más grandes movimientos migratorios en los últimos años; se estima que 5,4 millones de personas han salido de ese país, y de es

The month of March presents an opportunity to celebrate both International Women’s Day (March 8th) and for many, Women’s History Month, signaling a call to action for accelerating gender parity.

As part of a larger Middle East and North Africa (MENA) regional study, DTM Sudan interviewed 27 key informants across eight localities in West Darfur to pilot data collection on the socio-economic impact of the pandemic on mobile populations since the lifting of mobility restriction measures.

The current outbreak of COVID-19 has affected global mobility in the form of various travel disruptions and restrictions.

Country
Operation
Round
Component
From date
To date

DATA STORIES

Migration Flows in Horn of Africa and Yemen

2018 overview on migration flows observed across The Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Somalia, and Djibouti) and Yemen.

Migration Flows in West & Central Africa

2018 overview on migration flows observed across West and Central Africa.

About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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