Europe

World map
Arrivals to Europe
17,492
By sea
By land
As of
Arrivals to Europe
99,475
2020
128,536
2019
147,683
2018
188,372
2017
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
449
2021
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
1,419
2020
1,885
2019
Latest figures

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Legend
Recent trends in arrivals and registrations

Country or area

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
01 Apr - 07 Apr

Current week
08 Apr - 14 Apr

First Arrival Countries

Greece

35

123

251%

Italy

1,048

38

-96%

Spain

322

210

-34%

Total*

1,405

371

-74%

Registered Migrants in Other Countries and Areas

Montenegro

72

110

52%

Romania

67

82

22%

Serbia

889

969

9%

North Macedonia

379

501

32%

Total*

1407

1662

18%

* Arrivals to Cyprus are not available for this period.
** Arrivals include also other countries or areas for which data are available on a monthly basis and not on a weekly basis.

 Main countries or areas of origin for arrivals in Europe in 2020 as of Q1:

To Italy[1]: Bangladesh (14%), Côte d´Ivoire (14%), Sudan (10%), Algeria (9%), Morocco (7%).

To Greece: Afghanistan (39%), Syrian Arab Republic (25%), Somalia (6%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (5%), Iraq (4%).

To Spain: Algeria (33%), unspecified Sub-Saharan nationals (28%), Morocco (17%), Guinea (5%), Côte d´Ivoire (5%),

To Malta: Sudan (33%), Bangladesh (17%), Somalia (15%),  Eritrea[2](10%), Morocco (3%).

To Bulgaria[3]: Afghanistan (32%), Iraq (20%), Turkey (11%), Syrian Arab Republic (8%), Iran (7%).

 

[1] The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

[2] The information on nationality breakdown provided in this summary is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Maltese authorities.

[3] Nationality of persons registered at entry to Bulgaria.

 

As of 28 February 2021, data was collected on 816 PoEs in 30 countries/territories/areas across the EEA region. These locations include: 482 land border crossings points, 195 airports, and 139 blue border crossing points (including sea, river and lake ports).

Irregular migration is a complex, dynamic and fragmented phenomenon, and remains difficult to fully picture. Strengthening the understanding of migration routes, trends as well as migrant profiles is critical in order to protect migrants and support evidence-based policies.

La migration irrégulière est un phénomène complexe, dynamique et morcelée, et de ce fait difficile à appréhender.

El 11 de marzo del 2020, y debido a los niveles alarmantes de propagación y gravedad del virus COVID-19, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declaró estado de pandemia.

El 11 de marzo del 2020, y debido a los niveles alarmantes de propagación y gravedad del virus COVID-19, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declaró estado de pandemia.

Due to the alarming levels of propagation and the serious nature of the COVID-19 virus, on 11 March 2020 the OMS declared a State of Pandemic.

This report provides latest information on the Ebola epidemic which has affected Guinea since February 2021.

Ce rapport de situation présente les dernières informations sur la situation relative à la résurgence du virus Ebola recensée depuis février 2021 en Guinée.

In response to the Member State requests of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to enhance the availability of migration-related data to develop p

From 11 to 22 January 2021, IOM surveyed 316 Myanmar migrants in the Mae Sot district of Tak province in order to better understand their situation and vulnerabilities following the outbreak of COVID-19 in Thailand.

In Week 12, from 14 March - 20 March 2021, a total of 4,698 movements were observed at seven flow monitoring points (FMP) across Somalia, of which 54per cent we

IOM Pakistan collects data on the outflows of undocumented Afghan migrants at the Torkham and Chaman border crossing points in an effort to better understand the migration movements of undocumented Afghan migrants returning to Afghanistan from Pakistan.

The current outbreak of COVID-19 has affected global mobility in the form of various travel disruptions and restrictions.

The COVID-19 outbreak has restricted global mobility, whilst heightening the risk of exploitation of vulnerable populations.

Following the border closure in Ethiopia and due to the stricter border management policies in Yemen, some of the migrants who were transiting through Djibouti on their way to or from the Arabian Peninsula found themselves stranded in the country.

Suite à la fermeture des frontières en Ethiopie et aux renforcements des contrôles frontaliers au Yémen, certains des migrants qui transitaient par Djibouti en partance ou de retour de la Péninsule Arabique se sont retrouvés bloqués à Djibouti.

Between February and December 2020, a total of 196,178 movements (people on the move) were observed at Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs). Operations were temporarily suspended between October 2019 and January 2020, hence the movements tracked in 2019 and 2020 are not directly comparable.

Cross-border transhumance is a major herding practice in West Africa, and especially in the Sahel region. As an important economic activity and a driver of regional development, transhumance has, in the past decades, been subject to significant changes.

IOM COVID-19 Impact on Points of Entry Bi-Weekly Analysis

Country
Operation
Round
Component
From date
To date

DATA STORIES

Migration Flows in Horn of Africa and Yemen

2018 overview on migration flows observed across The Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Somalia, and Djibouti) and Yemen.

Migration Flows in West & Central Africa

2018 overview on migration flows observed across West and Central Africa.

About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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