Europe

World map
Arrivals to Europe
23,295
By sea
By land
As of
Arrivals to Europe
99,475
2020
128,536
2019
147,683
2018
188,372
2017
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
616
2021
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
1,419
2020
1,885
2019
Latest figures

Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

Legend
Recent trends in arrivals and registrations

Country or area

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
22 Apr - 28 Apr

Current week
29 Apr - 05 May

First Arrival Countries

Greece

10

44

340%

Italy

370

1,734

368%

Malta

0

0

0%

Spain

844

998

18%

Total*

1,224

2,776

127%

Registered Migrants in Other Countries and Areas

Bosnia and Herzegovina

321

396

23%

Montenegro

86

92

6%

Serbia

827

1,275

54%

North Macedonia

480

216

-55%

Total*

1714

1979

15%

* Arrivals to Cyprus are not available for this period.
** Arrivals include also other countries or areas for which data are available on a monthly basis and not on a weekly basis.

 Main countries or areas of origin for arrivals in Europe in 2020 as of Q1:

To Italy[1]: Bangladesh (14%), Côte d´Ivoire (14%), Sudan (10%), Algeria (9%), Morocco (7%).

To Greece: Afghanistan (39%), Syrian Arab Republic (25%), Somalia (6%), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (5%), Iraq (4%).

To Spain: Algeria (33%), unspecified Sub-Saharan nationals (28%), Morocco (17%), Guinea (5%), Côte d´Ivoire (5%),

To Malta: Sudan (33%), Bangladesh (17%), Somalia (15%),  Eritrea[2](10%), Morocco (3%).

To Bulgaria[3]: Afghanistan (32%), Iraq (20%), Turkey (11%), Syrian Arab Republic (8%), Iran (7%).

 

[1] The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

[2] The information on nationality breakdown provided in this summary is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Maltese authorities.

[3] Nationality of persons registered at entry to Bulgaria.

 

As of 27 January 2021, data was collected on 809 PoEs in 30 countries/territories/areas across the EEA region. These locations include: 480 land border crossings points, 190 airports, and 139 blue border crossing points (including sea, river and lake ports).

In 2020, thousands of undocumented Afghan nationals returned to Afghanistan from Pakistan. Many of those returning have lived outside Afghanistan for decades and some were born in Pakistan.

Les conflits agro-pastoraux liés à la transhumance, pratique ancestrale au Cameroun et dans la sous-région, sont devenus une cause d’insécurité majeure à la frontière avec le Tchad et la République centrafricaine.

This Dashboard provides an analysis of the trends in population mobility observed at eight (8) active flow monitoring points (FMPs) established at unofficial border crossings between the Burundi and United Republic of Tanzania border at Kwa Ntunaguzi, Kwa Elidadi, Kwa Rutuku, Nashaza, Mukambati,

Following the border closure in Ethiopia and due to the stricter border management policies in Yemen, some of the migrants who were transiting through Djibouti on their way to or from the Arabian Peninsula found themselves stranded in the country.

Suite à la fermeture des frontières en Ethiopie et aux renforcements des contrôles frontaliers au Yémen, certains des migrants qui transitaient par Djibouti en partance ou de retour de la Péninsule Arabique se sont retrouvés bloqués à Djibouti.

The current outbreak of COVID-19 has affected global mobility in the form of various travel disruptions and restrictions.

Ce tableau de bord fournit une analyse des tendances de la mobilité des populations observées au niveau de huit (8) points de suivi des flux actifs établis sur des points d’entrée non-officiels entre la frontière du Burundi et de la République Unie de Tanzanie à Kwa Ntunaguzi, Kwa Elidadi, Kwa Ru

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic at the beginning of the year has affected global and regional mobility, including mobility in Bangladesh, through various travel disruptions and restrictio

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic at the beginning of the year has affected global and regional mobility, including mobility in Bangladesh, through various travel disruptions and restrictions.

L’agropastoralisme transhumant, pratique ancestrale au Cameroun et dans la sous-région, représente une activité capitale pour l’économie et occupe une part importante de la population.

Malgré l’importance économique et commerciale de Nouakchott, peu de données statistiques récentes ont été produites sur la population migrante dans la ville, et il n’existe que peu d’analyses approfondies sur les profils, les besoins et les conditions de vie des migrants dans la ville.

As of 27 January 2021, data was collected on 851 PoEs

During the month of January 2021, 8,341 movements were observed at flow monitoring points in Djibouti representing a daily average of 269 movements. This is a 21% increase from the 223 average daily movements observed in December 2020.

 

In order to gain a better understanding of mobility flows and trends through West and Central Africa, IOM implements the Displacement Tracking Matrix’s (DTM) Flow Monitoring (FM) tool at key transit points across the region.

L’évaluation rapide de l’OIM (Emergency Tracking Tool, ETT) est un outil mis en place dans le but de collecter des informations sur les mouvements importants et soudains des populations.

L’évaluation rapide de l’OIM (Emergency Tracking Tool, ETT) est un outil mis en place dans le but de collecter des informations sur les mouvements importants et soudains des populations.

This Dashboard provides an analysis of the trends in population mobility observed at seven (7) flow monitoring points (FMPs), five (5) established at unofficial border crossings in the province of Cibitoke (Kagazi Tr4, Kagazi Tr6, Kigazura, Ndava Tr6 and Rukana Tr1) and two (2) established at off

Ce tableau de bord offre une analyse des tendances de mobilité des populations observées au niveau de sept (7) points de suivi des flux, cinq (5) établis sur des points non-officiels dans la province de Cibitoke (Kagazi Tr4, Kagazi Tr6, Kigazura, Ndava Tr6 et Rukana Tr1) et deux (2) établis sur d

This Dashboard provides an analysis of the trends in population mobility observed at Seventeen (17) active Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) established at unofficial border crossings.

Following the border closure in Ethiopia and due to the stricter border management policies in Yemen, some of the migrants who were transiting through Djibouti on their way to or from the Arabian Peninsula

Suite à la fermeture des frontières en Ethiopie et aux renforcements des contrôles frontaliers au Yémen, certains des migrants qui

In January 2021, a total of 21, 601 movements were observed at Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs). This represents an increase of 10% in comparison to December 2020, when 19,601 movements were oberved. 

In Week 8 (2021), from 14-20 February 2021, a total of 4,799 movements were observed at various flow monitoring points (FMP) across Somalia, of which 59 per cent were incoming flows and 41 

Country
Operation
Round
Component
From date
To date

DATA STORIES

Migration Flows in Horn of Africa and Yemen

2018 overview on migration flows observed across The Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Somalia, and Djibouti) and Yemen.

Migration Flows in West & Central Africa

2018 overview on migration flows observed across West and Central Africa.

About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

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