Europe — Summary of Key Results (2017)
In 2017, DTM Mediterranean team gathered 9,483 Flow Monitoring Surveys through a network of 46 DTM focal points and data collectors in 17 different countries on more than 120 flow monitoring points located on entry, inside and on the exit points in Italy, Greece, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo (UNSCR 1244), Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary. Collected surveys were analyized and different findings are published in 21 statistical overview reports and 16 migrants profile analyses, including 6 which provide insights into the responses on Human Trafficking and Other Exploitative Practices Indicators.
There were 186,768 new arrivals to Europe between January and December 2017- a 52% decrease compared to 387,739 reported in 2016. Main origin countries of migrants and asylum seekers who arrived to Italy, Greece and Spain (98% of all arrivals) were Nigeria, Guinea, Syria, Iraq, Morocco and Algeria.At the end of December 2017, more than 60,000 migrants and asylum seekers accommodated in Greece, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Romania. DTM data shows an increase in irregular entries to Bosnia and Herzegovina (143 vs. 755) and Montenegro (308 vs. 807) between 2016 and 2017. In contrast to that, apprehensions in Kosovo (UNSCR 1244) decreased from 279 in 2016 to 146 in 2017, and in Albania from 831 to 752 respectively. 15,776 UASC arrived to Italy in 2017. Over 62,000 migrants and asylum seekers accommodated in Greece and the Western Balkans. 5,143 deths recorded in the Mediterranean between January and December 2017. 33,154 individuals benefited from the EU-relocation scheme - 21,710 from Greece and 11,444 from Italy.