Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
By sea
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe




Previous week
07 Mar - 13 Mar

Current week
14 Mar - 20 Mar













Total first arrival countries*












North Macedonia




*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.


Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Bangladesh, Iraq, Tunisia, Senegal, Guinea (January 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Palestinian Territories, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Congo (January 2019)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Algeria, The Gambia, Guinea Conakry (January 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Iraq (January 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

This fact sheet provides a bi-weekly update on Voluntary Humanitarian Returns carried out by IOM Libya.

Migrant Report Round 22 Key Findings

This fact sheet provides a bi-weekly update on Voluntary Humanitarian Returns carried out by IOM Libya. During the reporting period, 502 stranded migrants were assisted to return to their home countries.

This fact sheet provides a bi-weekly update on migration-related events off the Libyan coast. During the reporting period, 10 migrants were returned to the Libyan shore, 2 bodies were retrieved and 13 migrants went missing at sea.

From 04 to 31 October, a total of 34,368 movements were registered at the 4 Flow Monitoring Points of Mbundi, Rusumo, Mukambati and Ntibitobangwa. Rusumo was the location that recorded the largest flow of movements (47%).

La muestra para la ronda 4 de la DTM corresponde a 2.148 personas encuestadas procedentes de Venezuela, en los departamentos de Tumbes y Tacna.

Du 04 au 31 octobre, un total de 34.368 mouvements ont été enregistrés aux 4 points de traversée de Mbundi, Rusumo, Mukambati et Ntibitobangwa. Rusumo était le lieu qui a enregistré le plus grand flux de mouvements (47%).

Approximately 40 individuals returned to their homes in Hrawa after having been displaced to Aljufra and Ejdabia in 2016; reported priority needs of the returnees include NFIs and access to cash.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

A total of 59 individuals arrived in Kismayo IDP sites this week. This is slightly lower compared to last week. There were no exits recorded this week.

A total of 60 individuals arrived in Kismayo IDP sites this week which is almost the same number as last week. The number of individuals exiting were 12.

Assessments were conducted in four wards affected by flooding in the country from 1 to 12 October 2018, which identified 2,343 IDPs (476 HH) and 707 Migrants (355 HH). Of the 476 IDP head of households interviewed, 47% were male and 53% were female.

A total of 104 arrived in Baidoa IDP sites this week, almost similar numbers for the last four weeks. 145 individuals exited the IDP sites. The number of exits has steadily been increasing since October 2018. The number of exits surpassed the number of entries.

This week there were 159 new arrivals and only 56 exits recorded. This is the lowest recorded of exit since Mid‐ October of this year. The key driving factors for displacement into the IDP sites was insecurity and those leaving cited management of their farms.

A total of 105 entries and zero exits were recorded in Dolow IDPs camps. The number of refugees from Ethiopia and IDPs entering the camps this week reduced compared to the past two weeks.

A total of 261 entries and zero exits were recorded in Dolow IDPs camps during the reporting period. The number of refugees and IDPs entering the camps this week increased compared to last week.

IOM Uganda monitors mixed migration flows along the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) border through six strategically located flow monitoring points (FMP).

In November 2018, 152,134 movements (73,482 inflows and  78,652 outflows) were tracked by IOM Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) of Myanmar nationals between Thailand and Myanmar in the Mae Sot and Phob Phra distric

Zimbabwe is prone to rapid and slow onset disasters of both natural and man-made origins that have repeatedly caused several devasting effects and triggered population displacement.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

The DTM Monthly Regional Update contains consolidated summary updates and highlights from DTM field operations.

According to the available data from national authorities and IOM offices, a total of 122,947 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe betwee January and October 2018. Estimated 81 per cent of migrants and refugees arrived by sea (99,174).

From date
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About is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform,, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.


The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.



This website is funded by:

Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team


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