Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
144,166
2018
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
289
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,299
2018
3,139
2017
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
07 Mar - 13 Mar

Current week
14 Mar - 20 Mar

Greece

396

606

53%

Italy

0

63

0%

Spain

66

533

707%

Total first arrival countries*

462

1,202

160%

Romania

0

8

0%

Serbia

203

191

-5%

North Macedonia

34

24

-29%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Bangladesh, Iraq, Tunisia, Senegal, Guinea (January 2019)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Palestinian Territories, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Congo (January 2019)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Algeria, The Gambia, Guinea Conakry (January 2019)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Iraq (January 2019)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.
 

En juillet 2018, la moyenne journalière du nombre d'individus observés aux différents points de suivi des flux a augmenté de 8% par rapport au mois précédent.

Au cours du mois de juillet, les principaux motifs de déplacement des personnes transitant par les points de suivi des flux ont été: la migration saisonnière (34%), les mouvements locaux de courte durée (27%), la migration économique de plus de 6 mois (34%) et le tourisme (5%).

A total of 194,891 beneficiaries registered/ verified/ tracked since the beginning of 2018, in which 134,330 (21,624 IDPs and 113,454 returnees) were properly registered, while the remining 60,561 individuals were tracked in different locations.

La moyenne journalière du nombre d'individus observés aux deux points de suivi des flux au NIger, qui était de 398 en juillet 2018, a augmenté de 161% par rapport au mois de juin 2018.  Au cours de ce mois, Agadez, Assamaka, Arlit (Niger), Sebha, Tripoli, Misrata, Awbari et Mourzouk et Misrata (L

Between 1 and 30 July 2018, the average number of individuals observed daily at the two flow monitoring point in Niger increased by 161% compared to June, with a significant increase in flows at the Seguedine FMP in particular.

La OIM Ecuador implementó las encuestas para la primera ronda del monitoreo de flujo de movilidad humana a en tres lugares (2 puntos fronterizos y 1 ciudad) entre el 26 de abril y el 12 mayo 2018.

DTM Quarterly Regional Reports are produced and published every 3 months to consolidate and present summary updates and highlights of regional popuation mobility situation.

IOM DTM is measuring migration to and from Sudan passing through Abyei Town (Amiet Market). Migration to Sudan has been 4.5 times higher than movement from Sudan into South Sudan during the reporting period, December 2017 to June 2018.

Looking at the overall arrivals (by land and sea) the Eastern Mediterranean route is the most frequently used route toward Europe; the Greek authorities registered a total of 27,112 new arrivals this year which is the highest figure reported among the three frontline countries - Italy, Spain, Gre

These maps provide details on settlements in each of the 7 districts in the Afghan province of Logar, as found during DTM's B2 assessment exercise, as of December 2017.

These maps provide details on settlements in each of the 15 districts in the Afghan province of Baghlan, as found during DTM's B2 assessment exercise, as of March 2018.

These maps provide details on settlements in each of the 11 districts in the Afghan province of Paktya, as found during DTM's B2 assessment exercise, as of December 2017.

These maps provide details on settlements in each of the 11 districts in the Afghan province of Farah, as found during DTM's B2 assessment exercise, as of March 2018.

These maps provide details on settlements in each of the 16 districts in the Afghan province of Herat, as found during DTM's B2 assessment exercise, as of March 2018.

These maps provide details on settlements in each of the 15 districts in the Afghan province of Kabul, as found during DTM's B2 assessment exercise, as of March 2018.

These two maps provide information on the total number of Afghan returnees from Pakistan and Iran, as well as the number of Afghan returnees by status (documented or undocumented), as of March 2018.

These maps provide details on settlements in each of the 15 districts in the Afghan province of Kandahar, as found during DTM's B2 assessment exercise, as of December 2017.

These three maps provide information about nomad familiaies and nomad individuals in Afghanistan as of March 2018.

The two maps provide information on IDPs and Returnees gathered during DTM's Baseline Mobility Assessment exercise conducted between January and March 2018. 

These two maps provide information on the total inflows of IDPs and Returnees in Afghanistan as of March 2018. 

These three maps provide an overview of IDP and Returnee settlements in Afghanistan, as found during DTM's Baseline Mobility Assessments conducted between January and March 2018.

These fifteen maps provide information on settlements in every of the 15 provinces of Afghanistan, as found during DTM's Baseline Mobility Assessments Exercise conducted between January and March 2018.

These maps provide details on settlements in each of the 13 districts in the Afghan province of Khost, as found during DTM's B2 assessment exercise, as of March 2018.

These maps provide details on settlements in each of the 16 districts in the Afghan province of Kunar, as found during DTM's B2 assessment exercise, as of December 2017.

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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

Map disclaimer:  Base map from Google and country shapes from ESRI are for illustration purposes only. Names and boundaries do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by IOM.

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Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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