Europe

Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
106,902
88,049
By sea
18,853
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
142,962
2018 *
186,768
2017
390,432
2016
*IOM estimates
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
203
2019
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
2,297
2018
3,139
2017
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe

Country

Arrivals

Percentage
Change

Previous week
07 Jan - 13 Jan

Current week
14 Jan - 20 Jan

Cyprus

55

23

-58%

Greece

296

677

128%

Italy

53

102

92%

Spain

589

2,034

245%

Total first arrival countries*

993

2,836

186%

Serbia

164

60

-63%

the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

22

9

-59%

*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.

 

Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Tunisia, Eritrea, Iraq, Sudan, Pakistan (November 2018)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Cameroon, Palestinian Territories (November 2018)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Guinea Conakry, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire (November 2018)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Turkey (November 2018)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.
 

Country
Operation
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Component
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About

Migration.iom.int is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform, displacement.iom.int, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.

 

The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the flow.iom.int website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.

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This website is funded by:


Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team

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