Migration Flows

West & Central Africa

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Arrivals to Europe 2019
By sea
By land
As of 10 October 2018
Arrivals to Europe
2018 *
*IOM estimates
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
Mediterranean Dead/Missing
Recent trends
Countries of first arrival to Europe




Previous week
07 Jan - 13 Jan

Current week
14 Jan - 20 Jan

















Total first arrival countries*








the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia




*Includes data for Cyprus which is not available on a weekly basis.


Main nationalities of arrivals (in descendant order)*:

To Italy**: Tunisia, Eritrea, Iraq, Sudan, Pakistan (November 2018)

To Greece: Afghanistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Cameroon, Palestinian Territories (November 2018)

To Spain: Sub-Saharan Africa, Morocco, Guinea Conakry, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire (November 2018)

To Bulgaria: Afghanistan, Iraq, Syrian Arab Republic, Pakistan, Turkey (November 2018)

*Data on nationalities is compiled on a monthly basis.

**The information on nationality breakdown provided is based on the nationality declared by migrants as reported by the Italian Ministry of Interior.

DTM Flow Monitoring Survey (FMS) was launched in Turkey in November 2016 as part of IOM Migrants’ Presence Monitoring Programme by DTM Turkey team.

In March 2018, there were an estimated 3.9 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them were Syrians (3

Between January and December 2017, approximately 33,000 children arrived in Greece, Italy, Spain and Bulgaria. This represents a decrease of 70% compared to 2016.

18,956 arrivals to Europe were observed between January and March 2018, representing an almost twofold decrease compared to the figure of 34,531, reported for the same period in 2017.

The report finds that this year there were 6,290 arrivals to Italy, the lowest figure reported since 2014. In the first quarter of 2018, Hellenic authorities registered 7,343 arrivals, a 67% increase compared to the 4,407 reported in the same period in 2017.

As of 29 March 2018, there are approximately 3.9 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of th

12,736 migrants and asylum seekers arrived to Europe in the first two months of 2018 (including 10,566 who arrived by sea and 2,170 who arrived by land), a 37% decrease compared to the same period in 2017.

DTM flow monitoring data for Mediterranean shows that there were 8,501 new sea and land arrivals to Europe in January 2018.

This report provides analysis of migrants` demographic profile, transit routes, reasons for leaving countries of origin or habitual residence, and their future travel intentions.

In 2017, DTM Mediterranean team gathered 9,483 Flow Monitoring Surveys through a network of 46 DTM focal points and data collectors in 17 different countries on more than 120 flow monitoring points located on entry, inside and on the exit points in Italy, Greece, the Former Yugoslav Republic of M

Between January and September 2017, 25,379 children arrived in Greece, Italy, Spain and Bulgaria, of which 14,839 (58%) were unaccompanied or separated children (UASC).

As of 25 January 2018, there are approximately 3,8 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians 

By the end of 2017, there were an estimated 3.8 million foreign nationals present in Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most are Syrians (3,424,237 individuals) who were granted temporary protection status.

More than 186,000 migrants arrived to Europe in 2017 via Mediterranean routes. Approximately 92% of migrants reached European countries by sea (172,362), and the remaining 8% arrived using various land routes.

DTM flow monitoring data collected in 2017 shows that between January and December 2017, 186,768 migrants arrived to Europe through the Western, Central and Eastern Mediterranean route; a 52% decrease compared to 387,739 registered in 2016.

This analysis provides a unique look into responses collected in Romania in August 2017. A total of 349 surveys were conducted, out of which 331 were categorized as valid responses (completed interview with individual´s consent).

As of 31 December 2017, there are approximately 3,8 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians 3,424,237

Between January and November 2017, there were 176,042 sea and land arrivals to Europe. 93% of migrants and asylum seekers have crossed the Mediterranean and were registered in Italy, Greece, Cyprus and Spain (164,754).

This report examines migrants’ vulnerability to human trafficking and exploitation by exploring risk and protective factors associated with unsafe migration, through the systematic evidence collected by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Displacement Tracking Matrix operations in

As of 30 November 2017, there are approximately 3,7 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians 3,359,915 who were granted temporary protection status. In addition, there are 591,971 foreign nationals holding residency permit s

There were 160,247 arrivals to Europe this year, a 55% decrease compared to October 2016 (total of 355,356). 70% of all sea arrivals are registered in Italy (111,397). As of 31 October, 31,451 people benefited from the EU relocation scheme, 21,209 from Greece and 10,242 from Italy.

This report presents the profile of migrants and refugees travelling from Pakistan along the Central and the Eastern Mediterranean routes and interviewed under IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) activities in 2016 and 2017.

As of 2 November 2017, there are approximately 3,6 million foreign nationals present on Turkish territory seeking international protection. Most of them are Syrians 3,285,533 who were granted temporary protection status. In addition, there are 586,834 foreign nationals holding residency permit st

This report presents the results of a round carried out by IOM field staff in Italy (Central Mediterranean route) and Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Kosovo*, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Eastern Mediterranean route) from February to September 2017. 77% of

From date
To date

About is an IOM online platform designed to enhance access to Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) migration flow information products, including a visualization of population flows. The DTM also has a second online platform,, designed to visualize internal displacement monitored through the DTM systems; this platform facilitates a better understanding of mobility trends within a country in assessed areas.


The DTM is a system designed to track and monitor displacement and population mobility, provide critical information to decision-makers and responders during crises, and contribute to better understandings of population flows. The DTM includes four standard components – each comprising various tools and methods – that can be applied, adapted and combined as relevant in a particular context. The standard components are: (i) mobility tracking; (ii) flow monitoring; (iii) registration and (iv) surveys. Data visualized on the website is retrieved from flow monitoring exercises. 

A Flow Monitoring exercise collects information on the volume and basic characteristics of populations transiting through selected locations - referred to as Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) – during specific observation hours. Data collected includes previous transit point(s), next destination, intended destination (when possible) and means of transportation, as well as the number, sex and nationality of migrants passing through the Flow Monitoring Point. Data is collected overtime through periodic cycles.

Once baseline data is collected through Flow Monitoring exercises. When required and as needed, Flow Monitoring Surveys (FMS) are then implemented to collect multi-layer and multi-themed data on mobile populations. FMS collect data at the individual level and include, but are not limited to, information on basic socio-economic profiles, information regarding the journey (cost, routes, modes of transport, intermediaries) and some basic data on the intentions, expectations, and perceptions of the final destination that migrants have. The findings of these surveys are used in the overall analysis presented in the IOM Flow Monitoring reports.



This website is funded by:

Flow monitoring data collection and operations are funded by:

DTM Support Team


Country Focal Persons